Saturday, November 22, 2014

INDEPENDENT TO BROTHER BILL




William H. Clark, editor and proprietor of the Cortland Standard.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 27, 1888.

Independent to Brother Bill.
   GREETINGS:--The mental condition of an editor who fails to discover the substitution of l for d in an obvious misprint of the word "stupidity" is such as to excite either pity or contempt. But one who devotes a column and a half to ringing the changes on such misprint as brother Bill did last week, is too far advanced in degeneracy to excite anything but disgust; yet his article entitled "A Witness Against Himself," compares favorably with the frivolous trash which appears from week to week in the columns of the Standard, except when the barrenness of Brother Bill's intellect makes a resort to the columns of the Tribune a necessity, when the grave and elaborate platitudes "cribbed" from the metropolitan organ does duty as editorial in the Standard.
   But what can be said of the absurd egotism and vanity of one who appropriates a charge of this nature as a compliment?
   The Standard says: "It does not irritate us in the least to be accused of furnishing our readers with editorials which are mistaken for the Tribune’s."
   Why; bless you Brother Bill; no one ever mistakes one of your slangy, vituperative and witless diatribes for a ponderous Tribune article. Your composition is no more to be mistaken for that of a writer upon a metropolitan journal than the malignant squeaking of a trapped rat is to be attributed to a roaring lion.
   Brother Bill asks one civil question which is entitled to an answer. He says: "How about the long list of articles which this bill (the Mills bill) places on the free list? Just this about it. All are in the interest of the masses of mankind and to the just detriment of no one. It deprives a favored few of unjust advantages and every article in the [tariff] list is either a necessary of life or a raw material employed in the manufacture of useful commodities. There is not a superfluity or a luxury on the list. The addition to the free list will enable the people to have cheaper bread, clothing and shelter, but not cheaper whisky or vice of any kind, nor free oleomargarine as proposed by the republican platform.
   Having answered Brother Bill's query as to the apparently greater daily wages of the American as compared with the European workman in a former article, and conclusively shown that it was not due to our higher taxes and our monopoly fostering and surplus producing tariff, his only reply is, "this argument can safely be trusted to take care of itself." Brother Bill, wisely for him, does not undertake to reply to the answer to his question, for obvious reasons.
   He goes on to say, "we will give Independent credit for one sound and forcible statement the effect of which he must have failed to calculate. It is this."
   "Free trade is indispensable to densely populated countries like England and Belgium, for such populations must produce a large surplus and must find a market for it beyond their own borders. True every word of it," says Brother Bill.
   Where the conditions are the same the principles of political economy are alike applicable to every country. Sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander. Many parts of the United States are now as densely populated as portions of England or Belgium and our population, thanks to a monopoly tariff, is increasing far more rapidly than theirs. Free trade, the "pauper labor of Europe," and prohibitive duties on all they produce has brought to us large accessions of the poor and miserable of foreign countries; and this has reduced the wages of the American workingmen, until they have been compelled to organize for self protection and some disorders have resulted from it and more are sure to follow if our past foolish policy is persisted in.
   As an illustration of the best, most disinterested and most patriotic thought of the country we cannot forbear to quote a single paragraph from the admirable address of James Russell Lowell, delivered before the Reform Club of New York City a few months since; not so much to show that "Independent" had calculated the effect of his language quoted by the Standard; but because no one however reckless he may be in the use of epithets, intended to be opprobrious, will charge him with being a "free trade bourbon" and because it is a pithy statement of a very alarming truth.
   "But the tendency or excessive protection which thoughtful men dread most is that it stimulates an unhealthy home competition leading to overproduction and to the disasters which are its tainted offspring, that it fosters over-population [imported labor—CC editor], and this is of the most helpless class when thrown out of employment. I confess I cannot take a cheerful view of the future of that New England I love so well when her leading industries shall be gradually drawn to the South as they infallibly will be, by the greater cheapness of labor there. It is not pleasant to hear that called the American system which has succeeded in abolishing our foreign commerce. It is even less pleasant to hear it advocated as being for the interest of the laborer by men who imported cheaper labor till it was forbidden by law. That protection has been the cause of our material prosperity is refuted by the passage I have quoted from Burke."
   Not only has our population became so dense that we must commence to export the products of our industries, not because three Americans produce more than five Europeans on an average, we must so much the more export the products of their labor to relieve our glutted markets, and to do this we must remove some of the restrictions from our foreign commerce and lessen its burdens. Africa, Mexico, Central America, Australia and the South American States would furnish us profitable markets for the products of our skilled labor, if we would but accept some of their products in return for ours and transport and exchange the commodities which they and ourselves desire to use. They paying us the balances sure to be in our favor in cash and thus build up our languishing commerce to the immense advantage of all the people of the United States.
   This is no visionary scheme. Its soundness is attested by history and proven by the principles of political economy. The difference in race does not alone account for the contrast in the condition of China and England. It is largely due to the misnamed protective policy of the one and the free trade of the other; neither of which is adapted to the conditions existing in the United States.
   We cannot close this article with a better statement of the case than was made by the majority of the committee on ways and means, in explanation of the reasons for putting wool on the free list. It deserves to be stamped on the minds of the tax ridden American people in letters of gold. It is good enough to be read before prayers and after benediction. Here it is.
   "We say to the manufacturer we have put wool on the free list to enable him to obtain foreign markets and successfully compete with the foreign manufacturer. We say to the laborer in the factory we put wool on the free list so that it may be imported and he may be employed to make the goods that are now made by foreign labor and imported into the United States. We say to the consumer we have put wool on the free list that he may have woolen goods cheaper. We say to the domestic wool grower we have put wool on the free list to enable the manufacturer to import foreign wool to mix with his own and thus enlarge his market and quicken the demand for the consumption of his wool while it lightens the burden of the taxpayer. The duty on wool now prevents nearly all the better classes of wools from coming into the country, when the domestic product can only supply about one half of amount required for home consumption."
   These remarks are equally applicable to many other articles placed on the free list by the Mills bill. It is an argument which can be safely trusted to take care of itself, as Brother Bill aptly says.
INDEPENDENT. [pen name]

HERE AND THERE.
   Forepaugh’s monster circus and menagerie exhibits in this village Sept. 6th.
   "Hail Holy Light, offspring of heaven, first born," sang Milton, but the ladies sing None Such Baking Powder.
   Students, or any one wishing rooms near the business part of town, can be accommodated at No. 5 Greenbush street.
   Landlord Bauder, of the Cortland House, is making another improvement by laying a broad stone walk from the front of his house to the street car track.
   The Protective Police have received their new uniforms, which are very handsome. They are made of blue cloth, ornamented with brass buttons, and have a decided cop-like look.
   There are at present over 900 electric lights in town, and the demand is growing so fast that the Hitchcock Co. are considering the project of the enlargement of their plant, and its possible removal to some more central point.
   Mr. W. S. Seman, the hustling advance agent of the Forepaugh’s great show, was in town last Monday making arrangements for the appearance of the company here, Sept. 6th. The show will pitch its tents on Miller’s flats on North Main street.
   Freeville people are somewhat excited over the prospect of the I. A. & W. branch of the Southern Central passing into the control of the D. L. & W. railroad, in which event it is expected that that part of the road from Freeville to Asbury will be abandoned and the track torn up.—Dryden Herald.
   Dr. E. O. Kingman has erected a large hall near his bathing house for the accommodation of his patrons. The building is divided off into compartments with keys to each. A large assortment of bathing suits have been added, and everything about the place is fitted up in excellent order for all who may desire to take a swim.

FROM EVERYWHERE.
   About 2,000 pounds of Paris green were required this year to slay the potato bugs in Brutus and Cato, New York.
   Several simpletons of the female sex have made themselves ridiculous by decorating with flowers the grave of Deacons, the Rochester murderer who was hanged last week.
   There was a hurricane in the White mountains on Thursday. Five inches of snow fell on Mount Washington. The temperature was eight degrees below the freezing point.
   The Chicago police have just unearthed a plot of the Anarchists to murder the Judge who conducted the Anarchist trials and several other officials who are specially obnoxious to them.
   The other day a spring of water suddenly bubbled up in the yard of St. Peters Catholic church in Brooklyn. It was regarded as a holy well and the water was drank by many pilgrims and was carried home to cure the sick. Yesterday it was discovered that the water came from a broken main.

The Real Issue.
(Chicago Times.)
   The issue of the campaign is falsely stated by the Republican convention. No proposition has been made for free trade. The issue is: Shall there be a high tariff or a low tariff! Shall all the people be burdened that some number of the people shall enjoy exceptional and dishonest prosperity or shall there be equal justice for all? Shall the excise tax on whiskey and tobacco be maintained to the end that the direct and indirect tariff tax on the necessities and comforts of existence shall be reduced, or shall it be abolished in order to make wearing apparel and those things without which existence is misery, expensive?
    The democratic party and its candidates stand for a low tariff as against a high tariff, for reduced taxation as against excessive taxation, for the maintenance of imposts upon whiskey and tobacco rather than upon articles of general and necessary consumption. The democratic party stands for reasonable economy and a reasonable surplus, not for wild extravagance which, continuing excessive taxation, will dissipate the surplus. Cleveland and Thurman, a fair tariff and no favorites, will win by the voice of a swinging majority of 12,000,000 over taxed electors of the republic against free whisky, free tobacco, taxed clothing and the nominees of a convention presided over by a railroad jobber of Nebraska.



Elopement.

   The residents of the eastern part of this village, particularly those living on Garfield street, were thrown into a frenzy of excitement last Friday by a rumor to the effect that Mrs. Charles Simpson, a blooming lady of forty eight summers and an equal number of winters, had eloped with Mr. Charles Livingston, whose mustache the zephyrs of sixteen long years have fanned.
   The happy pair are now supposed to be in the wilds of the Keystone state, where they will doubtless meet with the reception due to the talent required for the conception and execution of so brilliant a feat. The funds necessary for the excursion were furnished by Mrs. Simpson, who seems to have been determined to spare no expense to carry her plans to a successful and happy termination. May they live long and flourish.
 

Editor’s Note:
   The Cortland Contrarian does not have access to the tariff and campaign editorials of William H. Clark. We are sure that Mr. Clark gave as well as he took in this cross-town political rivalry. Readers who have access to these editorials are urged to submit them as comments to this post.
 

Friday, November 21, 2014

SHOCKING TRAGEDY!




The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 27, 1888.

SHOCKING TRAGEDY!
BEN DUTTON ATTEMPTS TO KILL J. H. LAMONT, MISS IDA ROTE AND HER BROTHER, NEAR DRYDEN ON TUESDAY.
Full Particulars of the Tragedy—The Would-be-Murderer Commits Suicide.
   In driving from this village to Dryden by the old stage route through South Cortland, persons who are not familiar with the route, are liable to become puzzled as to the direct road when they reach the forks near the Misses Hutchings' farm scarcely six miles from Cortland. The right hand fork leads over the hill to Dryden and the left hand to Geetown, so named because the Gees first settled there. The centre of this road is supposed to be the town line between Virgil and Dryden. Driving down the road about 1 1/4 miles you pass the Geetown school house and ten rods farther on is a road that leads to the right and due west. Turn here and from 80 to 100 rods from this corner and on top of a slight elevation, stands the fine farm buildings of John D. Lamont, Esq., a prosperous farmer and good citizen. The buildings are located on the southeast corner and the farm lays northwest from there and reaches nearly to the stage road to Dryden.
   Ben Dutton, aged about 35 years, has been employed by Lamont as a farm hand the best part of the time for ten years past. In March last he left and went to work on a farm near Etna. Miss Ida Rote, a comely looking young woman of 25 years, has also been employed in the family for several years. Dutton, who had been married and was divorced, became enamored of the girl and desired to marry her. She had counseled with Mr. Lamont and her brother, who was also employed on the premises, in regard to the matter and they had advised her not to encourage him in his attentions, as he possessed an ungovernable temper and would be apt to make her unhappy.
   Dutton knew that the young woman had been so advised. Last Sunday he appeared in the neighborhood and during the day was riding with her, and from subsequent events it is supposed that he had again pressed his suit and had again met with a rebuff. Dutton felt ugly towards Lamont and young Rote for the advice they had given the girl and the two men knew that he was incensed at them.
   Last Tuesday afternoon at about 6:30 o'clock, Mr. Lamont and young Rote started for the meadow, about a half mile distant, for a load of hay, leaving Mrs. Lamont and Miss Rote in the basement of the barn to finish the milking. On the north side of the hay field is a large piece of woods, and as they drove near the woods, Dutton came out of the timber and walked rapidly towards them, evidently with the design of intercepting them. As he came near, Lamont said, "Hello! Ben, have you finished haying? You must have done so to be out such a day as this." "Not by a d—d  sight," replied Dutton, and walking around in front of the horses, he came up to the wagon and leveling a revolver full at Lamont's face discharged the same, the ball striking the end of the latter's nose and penetrating the upper lip, striking the root of one of his upper teeth.
   The horses were frightened, and started on a run towards the barn and just before Dutton fired the second shot, his victim threw a hay fork at him missing the mark, as did Dutton's second bullet. Rote jumped off the opposite side of the wagon when the firing commenced, and Dutton then fired two shots at him without effect. Seeing that Lamont was liable to get away from him, he gave chase and attempted to catch on the rear end of the hay rack but the team ran too fast for him.
   As the team ran into the barn, Lamont jumped off and calling to his wife to come to the house immediately, he ran for his shot gun, which was in a building just back of the house, which he commenced to load at once. Mrs. Lamont came to the house at once and went to call Mr. Scofield's people, who lived just across the way. Miss Rote remained in the stable to finish milking a cow.
   While loading his gun Lamont heard a woman scream, but supposed that it was his wife who was greatly frightened. There is a high, tight board fence that separates the door yard from the barn yard, across which one has to pass to reach the milking stable. Before Lamont had finished loading the gun, Miss Rote came running through the barn yard gate, covered with blood, and Dutton was seen running like a deer up the lane toward the woods. Lamont at once assisted the young woman into the house, and neighbors were sent for Dr. J. J. Montgomery, at Dryden, some 2 1/2 miles away.
   When Dutton chased Lamont to the barn and the latter escaped to the house, he rightly judged that the women folks were in the stable milking, and he went around the end of the barn and entered the stable where Miss Rote was milking. Seeing him enter she accosted him with the question, "Why Ben, what are you here for," to which he responded, "D——n you, I'll show you" and he immediately struck her three blows in the back of the head, whether with his fist or with some weapon, she is unable to say.
   She ran into the yard, but he overtook her and catching her by the arm whirled her around facing him, and fired three shots at her, when he started on a run around the barn and up the lane.
   One bullet struck her on the right side of the nose and is still lodged under her eye. Another struck her on the wrist and was found lodged in the flesh near the elbow and was extracted. The other ball struck her collar bone and was taken out two or three inches from where it entered.
   Although her injuries are quite serious and necessarily painful, the physician thinks she will fully recover. Mr. Lamont has a painful reminder of his engagement, but after the ball, which was badly smashed, had been extracted and the wound dressed, he was looking after his business as usual and assisted yesterday morning in the search for the would-be-murderer.
   Miss Emma Lamont, an adopted daughter was raking hay in the same field where the melee occurred and she made haste to tie the horse to a tree, and after Dutton chased Lamont to the barn, she and young Rote went to the barn by another and less dangerous route.
   Not long after the shooting in the barn yard Mr. Scofield went to the lot after the horse that was hitched to the rake and while there heard several shots fired in the woods.
   Officers in this place and Ithaca had been notified by telephone to be on the lookout for Dutton. 
   Wednesday morning early, the neighbors en masse started out in search of the culprit. They first searched the woods on Lamont's farm. Near the northwest corner of the farm and in the edge of the woods is a watering trough for cattle. At about 8 o'clock A. M., the hunters, found bits of paper recently torn up near this trough and they were not long in discovering the lower limbs of a man protruding from a thicket of underbrush nearby.
   It proved to be the dead body of Dutton. Near him was a package labeled strychnine bought of Weavers Bros., of Dryden, Tuesday afternoon. He had evidently swallowed the strychnine with water from the trough and crawled up in the bushes. Four bullet wounds were found in his left side. The revolver, a twenty two calibre with seven chambers was in his left hand and six of the chambers were loaded.
   It will be remembered that he had fired two shots at Lamont, two at Rote, and three at least at the latter's sister. Rote says that when Dutton failed to catch up with Lamont he stopped and filled the chambers of his revolver before going to the barn. It is believed that after taking the strychnine he crawled into the bushes and discharged the three shots that were left in the revolver into his side, and that be thereafter deliberately filled the seven chambers and fired another shot into his side which reached a vital part. A more determined and deliberate attempt at self destruction the annals of crime does not furnish.
   Dutton purchased the revolver of Dr. Jennings, whose wife is a niece of Mrs. Lamont, at Dryden, Tuesday afternoon. He complained that it was too small and wanted a "32 or 38 calibre," but it was the largest that Dr. Jennings had in the store. At two or three other places in Dryden he could have obtained the larger sizes and it is very fortunate for all his victims that he made the purchase where he did. The ball of the 22 calibre is not much larger than an ordinary sized field pea and the charge of powder that propels it is about the same size. The ball of a 32 or 38 calibre revolver is much larger and striking a person in the face, as Mr. Lamont and Miss Rote were struck, would undoubtedly have produced instant death.
   Coroner Beach of Etna, directed an undertaker from Dryden to take charge of Dutton's body and it was removed to that village where the Coroner was to hold an inquest at ten o'clock on Thursday. Possibly no inquest will be held, however, as the Coroner was of the opinion that it was not necessary.
   Mr. Lamont is a man about 60 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches high, and weighs about 185 pounds. If he had had anything to defend himself with, the result might have been different.
   Dutton had evidently premeditated the job. He intended to kill Mr. Lamont, Miss Rote and her brother, at least, and after committing this wholesale slaughter he intended to kill himself. The fact that he succeeded in fully carrying out the latter part of his programme will be satisfactory to everybody, but the fact that he nearly succeeded in carrying out the first part is anything but gratifying. His victims are to be congratulated that they come off [sic] as well as they did.
 

Thursday, November 20, 2014

"THE PEOPLE VS. O'NEIL"





Benton B. Jones, editor and proprietor of the Cortland Democrat.
William H. Clark, editor and proprietor of the Cortland Standard.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, July 20, 1888.

“People vs. O’Neil.”

   The editor of the Standard, like the average incorrigible small boy, is continually cutting up some caper that is sure to invite the inevitable and well deserved spanking. Both seem to heartily enjoy it and both get it. Not content with the sound drubbing received two years ago in the Judge Fish controversy, brother Clark is continually referring to the matter in his peculiarly offensive style. The O'Neil case [alleged arson and insurance fraud at O'Neil's wagon factory in February 1884—CC editor] was recently decided by the General Term and the decision of the trial court sustained. In commenting upon the decision, brother Clark takes occasion to express himself as follows:
   "Malicious partisan attacks were made thereafter, both upon the presiding Judge and district attorney, their conduct of the trial being severely criticised and they themselves treated as if guilty of even greater offenses than the prisoner."
   Of course this refers to the very mild criticism which appeared in the DEMOCRAT soon after the adjournment of the term of court at which Judge Fish presided. We challenge the editor of the Standard to point out a sentence in the article referred to, that warrants him in making the above statement. In fact we did not know the politics of Judge Fish when we wrote the article and we should have published it if he had been a Democrat. It was not a political article in any respect whatever, and only called the Judge’s manner of holding court in question. No allusion was made to the O'Neil case, whatever, and the district attorney was not referred to in any manner. We did not find fault with district attorney Bronson’s "conduct of the trial" of that case for the very reason that he did not try the case. He acted simply as a spectator and nothing more.
   The case was very ably tried on the part of the people by Hon. O. U. Kellogg, Ex-Judge A.  P. Smith and Hon. N. C. Monk, of Albany, all lawyers of ability and standing. These gentlemen did not require the services of an ordinary layman in conducting the case. The indictment was draw by I. H. Palmer, Esq., during his term of office and Mr. Bronson's connection with the case made him simply a spectator, although the Standard gave three or four [columns] to his praise immediately after the trial.
   The real object of the Standard in alluding to the case last week, was to slide in a puff for Mr. Bronson, who is having rather an uphill job in making his canvass for a renomination. It must be refreshing to the other candidates, but a candidate who relies entirely on newspaper reputation for his success, sooner or later meets his Waterloo and is sized up for all he is worth and he can generally be measured with an ordinary pocket rule.
   The criticism made by the DEMOCRAT, considers Fish is abundantly sustained by the Judges of the General Term, when they say of the verdict of the jury "accepting their verdict as being sustained by the evidence, we are constrained to allow it to stand, notwithstanding some passages are found in the (Judge's) charge which we are not inclined to [comprehend] as precedents."
   Should the DEMOCRAT be censured for [contradicting] Judge Fish, when even the Judges of the General Term feel constrained to do the same?

Another Smash-Up.
   Last Tuesday evening Lon Thompson went into the Dexter House barn and took therefrom a horse and buggy owned by Frank Johnson, of McGrawville, and proceeded to take a ride around town. While going down Main street at a furious rate he locked wheels with the buggy of Geo. L. Williams that was standing in front of Peck's shoe store, throwing out Melvin Reed who was sitting in the carriage. The wheels of Thompson's buggy were completely demolished, but no further damage was done.
   Mr. William's horse started up Main street, but was pursued by Fred Hilligas and caught in front of the National Bank. The horse was taken from the barn without Mr. Johnson’s permission, and when no one was around.

A Serious Accident.
   Last Saturday, while Thomas Lynch, a conductor on the E. C. & N. railroad, was on top of a freight car setting a brake, the handle broke and he was thrown to the track. The train was making a flying switch and was running at the time at the rate of twenty miles an hour, but he managed somehow to roll from the track before the rear cars passed over, and thus saved his life. Lynch was picked up unconscious and carried to his home on Park street, and Dr. McNamara called.
   It was thought at first that his skull was fractured, but it was afterward ascertained that his injuries were confined to several severe bruises and cuts around the head and face. Under the skillful care of Dr. McNamara, he is rapidly improving and expects to soon be able to resume his duties.

Robbery at Preble.
   Last Thursday night a young man apparently about twenty-one years of age stopped at Klock's Hote1 in Preble and asked for a room, for which he paid in advance. Early Friday morning, before the house was astir, he was seen to leave in a surreptitious manner, and the suspicion was excited that something was wrong. Search was immediately made, when it was found that two gold watches and a considerable sum of money were missing.
   Mr. Klock and several others pursued and overtook him in the swamp north of the D. L. & W. depot. When overtaken, the property was found on his person, and he was brought to Cortland to await the action of the grand jury.
   On the day preceding, Baum entered the cigar store of Chas. Cleary in this village and endeavored to contract with him for 15,000 of a certain brand of cigars, saying that a party by the name of Eckles had bought Chapman's drug store in Marathon, and had given him authority to get these goods. Mr. Cleary informed him that he had only 1,200 of these cigars on hand, but that he could get the others for him. Baum then endeavored to have Cleary take the 1,200 cigars and go with him to Marathon and close the contract with Eckles.
   As Mr. Cleary was unable to get away that day, he told Baum he would do so soon, and on Monday he went to Marathon where he found Mr. Chapman at work dispensing drugs, and Eckle scraping cowhides in the tannery. Neither had learned of the proposed bargain, and were considerably surprised when informed of the deal by Mr. Cleary. Eckle said Baum had worked by him in the tannery for two days, and that he had nothing more than a speaking acquaintance with him. Just what scheme Baum was endeavoring to work on Mr. Cleary is not at present apparent.
   The Marathon Independent of this week says that Baum left an unpaid board bill in that town, and that prior to his departure he went through the trunk of another boarder in the house and took a sum of money therefrom. He is evidently a professional, but made a mistake in choosing Cortland county as the field of his operations.

HERE AND THERE.
   Five car loads of excursionists left this village Tuesday morning for Pleasant Beach [Onondaga Lake]. The excursion was for the benefit of the Congregational Sunday school.
   The members of Orris Hose have put themselves under the instruction of Captain B. E. Miller, and are rapidly getting in shape for the Firemen's convention.
   Last Tuesday afternoon, three bricks in the cap of one of the third story windows of the Schermerhorn block, became loose and fell to the sidewalk below. Fortunately no one was injured.
   Dr. L. T. White, the popular dentist, has purchased a cottage at Sylvan Beach. The doctor is enthusiastic over the beauties of the Beach, and regards his property there as a most desirable investment.
   Three able bodied tramps were discovered in the vicinity of River street a few days ago, and were promptly arrested and brought before Justice Squires, who gave them leave to visit the Onondaga Penitentiary and stay 60 days.
   Peck Brothers have sold their grocery business to County Treasurer A. S. Brown, of Solon, who will take possession August 1st. Mr. Brown is a thorough business man, and will no doubt maintain the high reputation which Peck Bros. have won for the store.
   A large crowd was out last Thursday evening to listen to the [Mechanics'] band concert, and all were pleased with the fine programme presented. The band is growing better every day, and rapidly taking a very high rank under Mr. Muncy's capable and efficient leadership.
   The Board of Trustees have changed the name of Adams St. to Homer Ave., which name now applies to the street from its intersection with Groton Ave. northward to the Homer line. North Main St. will terminate with its intersection with Homer Ave. at the corner by the residence of Mr. W. S. Copeland.—Standard.
   E. D. Meacham brought to this office on Saturday a snake of a variety rarely seen in this section. It is about 14 inches in length, black above and yellow beneath, and is identified by several as a genuine black snake. Dr. Aldrich recognized it as a species common in Pennsylvania, where it rarely attains a size larger than this specimen. The largest black snake recorded in Appleton’s is seven feet long.—Marathon Independent.
   Last week the Homer Republican appeared in an entire new dress and enlarged to a nine column paper. The paper is very ably conducted by Messrs. Stevens & Dates, and is being well supported, not because it is an organ, but because it is a newspaper. The citizens of our neighboring village have every reason to be proud of the enterprise exhibited by the proprietors of the paper. We wish the Republican the best of success in everything except its exceedingly bad politics.

FROM EVERYWHERE.
   The population of Rochester, according to the last directory, is 135,000.
   The New York Central will build a new railroad station at Niagara Falls which will cost $20,000.
   It takes 5,520 eggs for one meal at the Willard asylum. In the bakery over one ton of flour is daily used.
   The free library given by George W. Vanderbilt to the city of New York has been opened to the public.
   A Tully man expects to harvest between 200 and 300 bushels of raspberries from three acres of ground.
   Boyd's Directory census of Syracuse shows the city to have a population of 83,540— a gain of 2,210 during the past year.
   The old men of Cazenovia who voted for Harrison in 1840 have formed a Tippecanoe club. It consists at present of three members.
   Edward Alonzo Deacons, the murderer of Mrs. Ada Stone, was hanged at the Monroe county jail last week Tuesday morning.
   The Republican ticket: For President, Grandpapa's boy; For Vice President, Wall Street's pet, The Republican platform, Dear clothes and cheap rum.
   John Wanamaker of Philadelphia, Pa., now carries $1,000,000 insurance on his life, the largest amount, it is said, carried by any
individual in the United States.