Thursday, May 21, 2015


Thomas Nast cartoon.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, March 14, 1890.

   The Cortland Standard was rather merry last week over the result of the Democratic caucus held the Saturday evening previous. It charged that there were 20 or 30 more ballots cast than there were persons in the room at the time, but the Standard should remember, that there were a half dozen republican politicians in the room at the time the vote was taken and the only wonder is, that there was not an excess of four or five hundred ballots. A party that can boast of having held a caucus for two districts in Cortland village in 1882, that was able to cast more than twice as many ballots as there were voters in both districts all told, should be silent on the question of an excessive ballot. Democratic caucuses are never troubled with an excess of ballots, except when they are favored with the presence of republican politicians. Spring-bottomed hats and tissue ballots, or "jokers," have always ruled the roost in republican caucuses and conventions, and we have never heard of their being used in Democratic assemblies by Democrats. They are a republican invention and the inventors would undoubtedly prosecute all infringers.

   The Cortland Standard attempts to bridge over the defeat of its candidate for Police Justice, by publishing the following wholesale falsehoods, knowing them to be such:
   "The entire Republican ticket was elected except police justice, where a large corruption fund, wholesale begging for complimentary votes, and the united efforts of the Democratic workers in this one direction, and in circulating the most false and shameless slanders concerning the Republican candidate, combined with a free trading off of anything for Mr. Bull's benefit to drag him through by a scant 15 majority. The readiness of Republicans to be gulled by these ever-ready election lies is one of the mysteries of modern politics, and the discovery of the lies of one campaign—after it is over—seems to have no effect in arousing suspicion of the same kind of fiction set in circulation the year following."
   The Democrats did not spend one dollar for votes, and no one knows this better than the editor of the Standard. Some of Mr. Bull's most zealous friends suggested to him that the expenditure of a small sum of money would insure his election, but Mr. Bull absolutely refused to put a dollar of money in the campaign to be used for such purposes. Can the Standard say as much for its candidate? When will the additional $200, promised a certain republican heeler in this village be paid? Can our neighbor tell?

   Few people look for "flashes of political wisdom" in the columns of the Cortland Standard in these days and none find anything of the kind if they do look. The nearest approach to that sort of goods that has been discovered in that sheet for some time is the following:
   "The Democratic party cannot stand success in local politics any better than in National or State politics. A victory makes the unterrified giddy, and they immediately begin to blunder or "cut up rusty.'' A rare flash of political wisdom and a combination of circumstances gave them the supervisor of this town, but the glory was too much for them."
   The rare flashes of political wisdom seem to have come to the Democrats of Cortland and it looks as though they had come to stay. Notwithstanding they elected a Democratic supervisor less than a month since, on Tuesday last they "cut up rusty" and elected a Police Justice for a term of three years. Of course they were handicapped somewhat, from the fact that three of their candidates declined to run after they were nominated, but the Democrats of Cortland at once produced another "flash of political wisdom," repaired the rent in their ramparts and went after the enemy tooth and nail and routed him horse, foot and dragoons. If the candidates first nominated could have been prevailed upon to accept the nominations tendered them, we should undoubtedly have elected the entire ticket. "Flashes of political wisdom" are kept in stock at the rooms of the Cortland Democratic Club, 67 Main street, Cortland, up one flight, where all communications should be addressed.

Of Interest to Farmers.
   In 1860, after four years of revenue tariff, corn sold in the New York market from 64 to 95 cents. In 1887, after twenty years of high Protection, corn in the same market ranged from 35 to 65 cents. Oats brought 37 to 47 cents in 1860 and in 1887 only 30 to 39 cents. Wheat fetched $1.35 to $1.70 in 1860; in 1887 the lowest quotation was 78 cents and the highest 97 cents.
   These figures are from the American Almanac for 1889, and are absolutely accurate. They give a correct idea of the value to the farmer of the "home market" which he is heavily taxed to obtain. What would the poor farmers do without the high protective tariff? What is reducing the prices of his products from year to year but the tariff? Pile on the tariff. Give the farmer the full benefit of starvation prices in the "home market" and let him pay the freight.
   But what has become of the "home market?" Have Cortland county farmers been able to find it the past year? With hundreds of pounds of good butter in their cellars, tons of hay in the barn, bushels and bushels of oats and corn in their bins, why don't they dispose of some of their products in the home market that are being preserved for their special benefit by the grand old republican party?

   The stove works expect to start up next Monday.
   The [editor of the] Cincinnatus Register has moved to Fair Haven, N. Y.
   There were 517 present in the M. E. Sunday school, last Sabbath.
   Ask your Republican neighbor to subscribe for the DEMOCRAT.
   William Nash is putting a meat market in the Stevenson block on Elm street.
   Be sure and see the Sawtelle Comedy company next week at the Opera House.
   Rev. J. J. Brennan, of Binghamton, will deliver his lecture on Ireland's Patron Saint in St. Mary’s church, on Monday evening, March 17th.
   The Presbyterian society will have a sociable at the residence of Mr. T. H. Wickwire, on Church street, this Friday evening. Supper will be served.
   J. R. Birdlebough was elected 1st Lieutenant of the 45th Separate company last week, Wednesday evening, to fill the vacancy caused by the promotion of Lieut. Dunsmoor to be Captain.
   Mr. Daniel Nye, who has been sexton in the M. E. church for the past twenty years, has resigned. Mr. Nye is 80 years of age, and feels that the care is too much for him. Mr. Eli Stafford will take his place.
   W. F. Chadbourne, the popular proprietor of the Messenger House, will vacate the house June 1st, the date of the expiration of his lease. He has kept a first-class house, and the citizens of Cortland, as well as the traveling public, will miss him.
   Miss Ormsby has secured for her Kindergarten teacher Miss Mary R. Pollock, a popular and successful Kindergartner of several years' experience, and daughter of Mrs. Louise Pollock, Principal of Kindergarten Normal Institute, Washington, D. C.
   The post-office in this place has been supplied with a stock of the new penny and two-cent stamps which will be sold to citizens at as low a figure as the same class of goods can be purchased in Syracuse or New York. Postmaster Ballard is bound to preserve the home market on postage stamps, let what will happen.
   Orris Hose company have had their rooms in the Moore block repainted and decorated, and now have about as slick quarters as can be found anywhere. A handsome billiard table and a new piano have been added to the rooms, and they present a very inviting appearance. The latch string can be reached from the outside.
   The lecture given last Friday evening, in the Cortland Opera House, by Miss Oloff Krarer, the Esquimau lady, was very interesting and instructive, and was richly enjoyed by the very large audience in attendance. She is a very bright young lady, and her narrative of the manners, customs and modes of life of her people was given in a very pleasant and agreeable style. The ladies who had the entertainment in charge netted about $100 for the church fund.

A Card.
To the People of Cortland and Vicinity:
   I would announce that I have opened Dental Parlors in the Churchill Block, North Main street. Having availed myself of the opportunity of taking a course in two of the best Dental Colleges, together with ten years practical experience in the dental profession, I feel more competent than ever to perform operations pertaining to dentistry in a satisfactory manner and shall endeavor to please any who may entrust their work in my hands. Special attention will be given to the preservation of the natural teeth. Artificial teeth will be inserted on CAST ALUMINUM and rubber bases. Specimens of the former work may be seen at my office. Having received special instruction in the work of the inventor, C. C. Carroll, M. D., of New York City, I am prepared to point out its distinguishing features. Thanking you for a liberal patronage in the past, I remain very respectfully,

Wednesday, May 20, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, March 14, 1890.


   Matthias Van Hoesen, Esq., died in Preble, N. Y., on Thursday, March 6, 1890, aged 84 years.
   Not often does the departure from among us of an aged person occasion a larger vacancy, and call out more marked expressions of loss and bereavement than in the event recorded above. Identified with the interests of Preble from his early infancy to the end of his long and influential life, and prominent in public affairs in this county for more than half a century, it was the rare experience of Mr. Van Hoesen to retain his powers and keep up his active attention to important interests until the sickness that prostrated him a few weeks before his death.
   He was born in Athens, Greene Co., N. Y., August 7, 1805. With his father’s family he came to Preble when an infant of five months of age. The family home until 1830, was a mile and a half north of Preble village on the place now occupied by Mr. Winegardener. The advantages enjoyed by him for school privileges were very limited indeed, but an original and vigorous mind like his could not be kept by any early disadvantages from learning how to think, and becoming conversant in a practical way with the methods and processes of a business education. In his early manhood he mastered the carpenter's trade and worked at that business for many years with marked success. In 1830 he removed to Preble village, having the year before married Miss Sarah Tully, like himself a native of Athens, Greene Co., who survives him. To them were born nine children, of whom two sons and five daughters are now living.
   To mention the public positions and places of responsibility held by Mr. Van Hoesen, is to give but a faint suggestion of the confidence and trust reposed in him, and of the honor in which he was held by all who knew him. He was a Justice of the Peace by successive elections for many years. For fourteen years he was Supervisor of the town. During the war he was an influential member of the committee for raising troops in Cortland Co. He was also connected with the official management of two or three of our leading banks, and for years had been almost continuously engaged as administrator of estates, referee in legal difficulties, and other similar positions requiring good judgment, tact, and sterling integrity.
   His counsel was sought after from all sides. Widows, orphans, the poor, the inexperienced, relied upon his advice and wisdom. Possessed of a rare judicial mind, conversant with legal matters, and keen in analysis as he was patient in hearing the matter submitted to him, his advice was not only sagacious, but was uniformly given in the interests of justice and peace, and for the best settlement of disputes.
   A man of bright and ready wit, he was a delightful companion, and yet took no comfort in jests and references of impure and salacious nature. He held himself aloof from the petty gossip and scurrilous tattle that are too often current, and occupied his thoughts and attention with things more important and becoming. Such was his integrity, his sagacity, and his force of mind and energy of executive ability, that more, probably, than any other man who has lived in Preble he was esteemed for counsel, and looked upon as the leader in public affairs. By his diligence and prudence he amassed a competency, yet ever lived in the same quiet, unostentatious, and simple ways in which he had become habituated.
   During his last sickness of seven weeks he was able to see around him all of his surviving children, some of whom were in almost constant attendance upon him. Everything that the best medical skill could do for his help and comfort was also done for him. His pastor visited him repeatedly, to whom he expressed most emphatically his trust in God, and his readiness to die. To him he entrusted the duty of bearing public testimony to his position regarding the supreme issues of life.
   On Sunday, ten days before his death, he called his family around him, spoke to them words of loving counsel, and in prayer commended them to the mercy and grace of God.
   The services on the occasion of his funeral were held in the M. E. Church of Preble, and an appropriate discourse was preached by the pastor, Rev. Mr. Curtis. Among those present in the large concourse convened were the trustees of the Preble Cemetery Association who acted as bearers, a full delegation of the Cortland Co. Bar, representatives of different banks, and many other citizens of Homer, Cortland and adjacent towns.
   It was the universal sentiment of those gathered to attend the last solemn rites, as it is of the many more who could not so express their veneration and esteem for Mr. Van Hoesen, that his death means not only the calling away of another of the few remaining ones of the generation of pioneers who founded the institutions which we enjoy, but of a man who had won and deservedly held a large place in the confidence and love of his fellow-men, and in the history of affairs in his town and county.
   "Hath he not always treasures, always friends,
   The great, good man? Three treasures—love and light,
   And calm thoughts, equable as infant’s breath;
   And three fast friends, more sure than day or night,—
   Himself, his Maker, and the angel Death."
   COM. [pen name of contributor. CC.]

The Home Market.
   Speaking of the interior decorations for the new Presbyterian Church in this place, the Cortland Standard says:
   "The contract for carpeting the church throughout has been given to Messrs. Kevenney Bros. & DeGan of Syracuse."
   In the same issue of the Standard we find the following in answer to an article that appeared in the DEMOCRAT the week previous on "Early Closing" of the business places in this village:
   "The latter part of the DEMOCRAT'S article, in condemnation of the practice of going out of town to buy goods which ought to be bought at home, to the encouraging and supporting of home enterprise, ought to be cordially endorsed by every public-spirited citizen. It is doctrine which the Standard has preached for years, both as to local and National trade, and which the DEMOCRAT has sneered at as "protection." The article in question is the first good, solid, Republican argument for protection which we have ever had the pleasure of reading in the columns of our contemporary, and we are almost as much surprised to find it there as we were to read its attack on the good sense of our business men. Free trade, or buying abroad where you think you can buy the cheapest, even if you cut your neighbor's business throat, is not good doctrine either in Cortland or any where else. In the end it will pinch a nation or a village."
   Evidently the doctrine which the Standard has been preaching for years has not taken very deep root in the minds of its readers and the fact that the Presbyterian Church carpets were bought in Syracuse is but one illustration of this fact.
   Here we have a craft with a republican high tariff skipper, officers and crew of the same persuasion, the hull purchased and paid for with funds solicited and freely given by the residents of this village, and bound for an exclusively republican, high tariff, home market, hereafter, purchasing its supplies in a foreign market with the funds contributed by Cortland people. Can any one tell why these high tariff and home market shouters do not practice what they preach? If there is any virtue in the home market it ought to be as valuable to republican churches as it is to the laboring men and mechanics, who are constantly importuned by republicans not to purchase their supplies outside the home market.
   Do these republicans believe in the home market? Let their faith be known by their works. We venture the assertion without fear of successful contradiction, that the people of means in this village, purchase more than one-half their clothing, dry goods, groceries, etc., in foreign markets, leaving the farmers, laborers and mechanics to support the home dealers. In many cases this is done thoughtlessly, but in many other cases it is done with a full knowledge of the results. Now if the farmers, laborers and mechanics would unite and purchase all their supplies abroad what a healthy business town Cortland would be. The price of real estate would drop so low that Cortland would not be able to hear the blasts from Gabriel's horn resurrection day.
   There are three reputable dealers in carpets in this place, who stood ready to furnish carpets for the church at cost, but it was "quite English ye know" to purchase in a foreign market and pay a much higher price for the same goods. Preaching in favor of preserving the home market may be all well enough, but it looks very much as if prayer should be offered also.

It Stands Every Test.
   The brick pavement put down by Mr. P. M. C. Townsend of Horseheads on South Main St., in 1887, has been thoroughly tried and tested in every possible manner since it was laid, and has proved itself to be the best pavement possible. There were many kickers while the work was being done, but after a trial of over two years its opponents have come to be its fast friends. All of the stone for the new Presbyterian church, erected in this place last summer, were hauled over this pavement and most of the wagons carried six tons at a load. These heavy loads made not the slightest impression on the brick and the pavement is as smooth and even to-day as it was the day it was finished. It has proved more than satisfactory to all and we hope to see it used in exclusion to all others on our streets in the future. It is a smooth and beautiful piece of road to drive over and unlike the asphalt pavement it furnishes a foothold to the horse and is not injurious to the animals driven over it. Good judges believe it to be as permanent and lasting as any, and far more durable than the wood or cobble pavement generally in use. We hope the village authorities will finish paving South Main St. the coming season and they should certainly use the brick pavement.

For Rent-Cortland Opera House [Ad]
   Application for lease of the Opera House should be made in writing and addressed to H. M. Kellogg, Treasurer of the Opera House Co., during the month of March. Possession given June 21st, 1890. Security required for the prompt payment of rent in monthly installments.
   H. M. KELLOGG, Treasurer.

   Michigan has seventy-eight furniture factories, half of which are in Grand Rapids.
   Forty-seven thousand of the 76,000 paupers in New York State almshouses are of foreign birth.
   Two hundred thousand salmon trout fry have been placed in Cayuga lake by Union Springs sportsmen.
   The total city debt of Syracuse is now $1,438,400, but the indications are that it will rapidly grow to large proportions.
   Dr. J. T. Jameson, who died at South Otselic, Wednesday, was a licentiate of the college of physicians and surgeons of Edinburgh, Scotland.
   Jack Heffernan, seconded by his mother, won a desperate prize fight from John Carter at Wilkesbarre, Pa., Saturday. Both reside at Mill Creek, Pa.
   The net revenues to the State of the Onondaga salt fields have been over $4,000,000, which was used in paying the cost of construction of the Erie canal.
   A printing machine now being built by the Hoes, New York, will be guaranteed to print, paste and fold 90,000 six-page papers per hour. It will deliver in the same condition 70,000 eight page, 46,000 twelve page, or 24,000 twenty-four page papers per hour! Good for the Hoes.
   The State Press Association will meet in Syracuse June 24 and go to Alexandria Bay. After a two days session they will make a tour of the Thousand Islands, visit Montreal and Quebec, returning by the way of the White Mountains, Lake Champlain, Lake George and Saratoga. The trip will occupy about ten days.
   Fuller & Warren company, proprietors of the Clinton foundry, the largest stove manufacturing establishment in Troy, have been requested to remove their business to Joliet, Ill., and the company intimates that the proposition will be accepted. The entire business of the company will not be removed at once, but as the buildings shall be erected at Joliet and the facilities for manufacture increased there, the operations of the concern will be diminished in Troy. The company employs 1,200 men and the pay roll aggregates more than a million dollars a year.




Tuesday, May 19, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, March 7, 1890.

Delegates Representing 248 Farmers Meet in Marathon, and Vote to Run Their Own Milk Business.
From the Marathon Independent.
   About one hundred and fifty representative farmers of the Tioughnioga valley, gathered at the Marathon Opera House, in this village on Thursday, in response to a call for a meeting of the various sections of the Milk Producers' Union in said valley to meet and discuss plans, and adopt measures in conformity thereto.
   Every section in the valley was represented, and the gathering was noted for the earnestness and zeal of its members, which comprised some of the best known agriculturists and dairymen of the three counties of Broome, Onondaga and Cortland.
   At 10:30 the meeting was called to order and the following officers chosen: Chairman, F. J. Collier, Preble; Vice-chairmen, T. Terwilliger, Chenango Forks; C. O. Newton, Homer; T. Willis, Tully; Dr. O. C Hall, Whitney's Point; secretary, Curtis Winston, Greene.
   The following sections were represented. The number of members in each section is given after the name:
   Whitney's Point, 25; Lisle, 20; Marathon, 28; Messengerville, 11; Blodgett's Mills, 21; Cortland, 14; Homer, 41; Little York, 24; Preble, 32; Tully, 32. Total, 248.
   Geo. P. Squires of Marathon, district agent of the Union, was then called upon, and gave a history of the movement, from its inception in a school house in Brisbin, Chenango county, until its present growth of over 5,000 members. He traced its history, with which all our readers are familiar, up to the annual meeting of the present year, and showed how the various conflicting interests that then appeared were harmonized, until at last an amendment to the constitution known as plan D was suggested, and a plan of operation known as plan E was presented as most favorable to the D. L. & W. farmers. The people east of the Hudson being largely individual shippers were opposed to a general stock company, and the D. L. & W. territory were afraid of the surplus all being thrown on them. Under the present plan a Central Union is organized, composed of representatives of all the branch Unions, and the duties of this central body will be to fix a price lower than which no member shall sell, leaving all free to get as much more as they can. They shall also have power to regulate abuses in the trade, and to regulate the surplus, which is to be controlled by each shipper holding back a percentage of his milk whenever it shall be necessary. The branch Unions shall be composed of the sections along the line of each railway or steamboat system entering New York, and each branch section is left free to do its business as best pleases it, provided it observes the direction of the Central Union, as to the price and surplus.
   As Mr. Squires explained it, the branch Unions occupy the relation of the States to the general Government, which is represented by the Central Union. He then dwelt at length upon the plan to be adopted by the branch Union of the D. L. & W. road, and which plan was read, discussed and adopted, as will be seen below.
   Secretary Winston being called upon for some information as to the Milk Exchange limited, said substantially: That the Milk Exchange, unlike all other exchanges in the world, did not buy or sell, as a body, a single drop of the commodity in which it professed to deal. Its capital stock was $5,100 divided into shares of $25 each. It is managed by 13 directors, of whom 11 are owners of milk buying stations along the various railroad lines, one is a wholesale milk dealer in New York and one is a farmer who had his stock donated to him. These thirteen men meet whenever they see fit and establish a price for milk, and then the individuals go forth to the farmers with whom they have contracts at "Milk Exchange" prices, and pay them accordingly. He further explained the injurious workings of the system, and read from the report of the Senate Investigating Committee, calling upon the Attorney General to move to have their charter annulled.
   The balance of the morning session was taken up with an informal discussion of the situation, with remarks by several, among the most telling of which was that of Eben Carley of Lisle, who told plainly and squarely what he thought of the situation, and how the farmers of Lisle, by a combination, had been able to secure better prices for their milk than the farmer either side of them.
   On motion of G. P. Squires it was voted that three delegates be selected by this meeting, to be empowered to unite with three delegates from the Utica division and from the main line, to organize the branch Union of the D. L. & W.
   Eugene Hall, M. A. Briggs and T. L. Corwin were appointed a Committee to nominate such delegates, and while they were conferring, G. P. Squires explained to the meeting the workings of the branch Union.
   The committee on delegates reported the following names: L. H. Heberd, Homer; F. J. Collier, Preble; G. P. Squires, Marathon and on motion they were chosen as such delegates.
   On motion, C. Winston, C. O. Newton, and T. L. Corwin were appointed as Committee on resolutions. They offered the following resolution, which was adopted:
   Resolved,  That we, the members of the Union of Milk Producers, shipping milk to New York city via the D. L. & W. R. R., in Mass Convention assembled at Marathon, N. Y., February 27, 1890, recommend that the Branch Union representing the above road form a Stock Company consisting of Union Milk Producers, for the purpose of purchasing or building Creameries, or Milk Shipping Stations, so that said producers may ship their own milk.
   The executive committee were instructed to correspond with the Attorney General, calling his attention to the report of the Senate Committee on the Milk Exchange, and asking him to take action thereon. Prior to the adoption of this resolution, a general discussion of the Milk Exchange took place, which was interesting and profitable.
   President Collier then raised the question of the standard of milk which now requires 10 per cent of solids and 3 per cent butter fat. Under this standard, adulteration was possible and common by adding skim milk to milk above the standard. Messrs. Pierce, Winston and others gave anecdotes showing the extent to which this was done, and under the present standard the law was powerless. The statement was also made that lactometer tests were valueless, and so regarded by the dairy commission.
   Mr. Collier stated that at Preble a good deal of complaint had been made by the owner of the milk depot, that milk was not up to the standard.
   Mr. Winston explained that this was a favorite dodge of the creamery men to complain of the milk, so as to get the farmers to furnish richer milk, so they could skim it the more.
   In response to a call Walter B. Pierce, of Chenango Forks, the promoter of the Union, and to whose labors its present extent is due, took the stage and explained the situation of affairs. He said that it was the closing day of the first year of the Union's existence, it having been organized on the 28th day of February, 1889. He dwelt at length on what had been accomplished, and showed how we were living in a different world from 40 years ago. That elements of nature had become the servants of man, and that an abundant plenty was well nigh proving his ruin, and that combinations to regulate and control were necessary and expedient. He showed the unanimity of feeling among all the sections for a stock company and closed with a glowing prophesy of the future possibilities of the movement.
   At the close of Mr. Pierce's address, there being no further business, the meeting adjourned.

St. Mary's Church.
   As already mentioned in last week's issue, the Mission at St. Mary's Church opened the first Sunday of Lent, conducted by the priests of the congregation of the Mission. The vast edifice was crowded every night last week by the women. At the early hour of 4:30 A. M. hundreds of them might be seen wending their way to the church, reminding one of the early Christians.
   The sermons delivered by Fathers Lefevre and Dunphy were very impressive. The silver-tongued Father Lefevre opened the Mission. His sermons on the End of Man, and Value of the Immortal Soul, have left a lasting impression. Nor was he out done by the saintly and venerable Father Dunphy in his own impressive and dignified style.
   The Church has been brilliantly illuminated throughout by the beautiful gas fixtures recently placed in it. Here and there might be seen others not of the faith, paying close attention to the great truths delivered to them.
   The Missionary Fathers are assisted by neighboring priests in the Confessional. This week has been dedicated to the men only.
   The Church is thronged every night with hundreds of men eager to hear and drink deep down into their souls the saving waters of these eternal truths. The Mission will close next Sunday evening with the Papal Benediction.
   St. Mary's Church may well feel proud of the opportunity afforded them by their pastor in practicing their holy faith. Never in the annals of the parish has a Mission been more successful. Hundreds, nay thousands of the faithful have approached the Holy Table thus practically proving the faith that is in them.
   When the late Rev. B. F. McLoghlin was called home to the fathers who had gone before, the members of St. Mary's Church were fearful that they would lose the services of his assistant, Rev. J. J. McLoghlin, because the pastorate of St. Mary's Church was known to be one of the most desirable in the diocese, and it was feared that the Bishop would give the place to an older and more experienced priest, but when it became known that their beloved friend and assistant pastor was to remain with them and have charge of their spiritual welfare there was general rejoicing. His first year as pastor, has shown the wisdom of the selection. There is not a more zealous, faithful or able priest in the diocese, as the Church records will show and the members stand ready to affirm. While he is firm in his own faith, he is a very liberal minded, christian gentleman and is highly esteemed by citizens of all sects and persuasions. The church is being greatly strengthened by his wise and able administration.

Death of Lewis B. Plumb.
   Lewis B. Plumb, one of the old and respected citizens of this village, passed away last Monday morning, March 3d, at about three o'clock. He was born in Farmer Village, near Ithaca, N. Y., Oct. 28, 1815, and has lived almost his entire lifetime in this village. He has always been an attendant at the Universalist church and last July he was baptised and became a member, and no church ever had a better helper, for he did everything that lay in his power to make the church what it ought to be. He leaves a wife, Mrs. Phoebe Ann Plumb, and one son, Frank E. Plumb, who is well known and highly respected.
   The funeral services and burial took place on Wednesday at the home of the deceased at 1:30, where a short selection of scripture was read and a brief prayer offered. At 2:00 o'clock, the relatives and friends assembled at the Universalist church where the funeral services were conducted by the pastor Rev. U. Mitchell, the well known Acme Quartette assisting very much with their fine voices. The burial took place in the village cemetery.
   Mr. Plumb was 74 years old. He has been failing for a number of years; the disease was heart trouble. Although he had suffered more or less for a long time, and at times he had suffered a great deal, yet he was very patient under it all and was perfectly ready to go. He will be missed in his home, at his church, by his friends, but what is our loss is his gain and he leaves a memory behind that will always be cherished.

Death of Matthias Van Hoesen.
   The many friends of Matthias Van Hoesen will be pained to learn of his death, which occurred at his home in Preble, at 8:20 P. M., on Wednesday. Some few weeks since [ago] he was prostrated with a severe attack of the influenza. Although in his eighty-fifth year, it was at first thought his naturally vigorous constitution would be able to withstand the shock, but he never rallied. Mr. Van Hoesen was an almost life-long resident of Preble, and represented the town in the Board of Supervisors for many years. He possessed a remarkably tenacious memory, and his judgment in all the affairs of life was seldom at fault.
   In 1864 he was one of the electors on the Democratic ticket and he had often been honored by that party in positions of importance. Squire Mat, as he was familiarly called by his neighbors. always exerted a strong influence over the citizens residing in his immediate vicinity, and his advice was freely sought and usually followed. He was a ready debater, apt at repartee, and logical in his arguments. He will be sorely missed by the people of the northern part of the county, who have been accustomed to rely on his council in matters of moment for many years past.
   The funeral services will be held from the M. E. church in Preble, at 11 o’clock, in the forenoon on Saturday.

Do You Want to Work? Read This. [Ad.]
   The Loyal Order of King's Daughters has organized an intelligence department. Women seeking employment by the day or week, nurses, type writers and others, assisted in finding places. Persons wishing help are invited to call on or correspond with the head of this department, Mrs. Lyman Jones, No. 50 North Main street. There will also be an opportunity at the meetings of the order to confer with those in charge of this department. In case satisfactory help is furnished a small fee will he charged.