Monday, March 30, 2015

COMMON SENSE VIEWS OF MR. WANAMAKER



John Wanamaker

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, September 27, 1889.

"Common Sense Views of Mr. Wanamaker."
   Under the above heading the Cortland Standard of last week gives, with editorial commendation, a reported interview with Postmaster General Wanamaker, which is rather remarkable for its misrepresentations, Pharisaic assumptions and bold defense of doing evil for righteous purposes.
   The interview makes Mr. Wanamaker say "We can't turn out more office –holders than the Democrats did. When we turn out as many Democrats as Cleveland did Republicans, we will have to stop." The plain meaning of which is that Cleveland made a clean sweep of it and turned out every Republican office holder. But Mr. Wanamaker, the editor of the Standard, and every one who knows anything about the matter, knows such a statement to be false. But the boldness of its admission and the hypocrisy of its pretences come out more plainly in another part of the interview. Speaking of money used in the campaign, Mr. Wanamaker said:
   "Our party believed that fair protection was best for the Republic, and that a low tariff would hurt our prosperity. We did not want the Republic harmed. We were honest in our belief. To prevent this harm of low tariff some made speeches, some wrote editorials, and some gave money to carry on the campaign against a foe of our country. I gave what I had. Vanderbilt gave a ship to save the Republic in the late war. History commends him for it."
   The plain meaning of the whole passage is a frank admission that the Republican party freely gave their money to purchase themselves into power, and that Mr. Wanamaker himself gave all that he had, or at least all that he could for this purpose, and that any amount of the corrupt use of money in this way is justifiable upon the old, but corrupt and corrupting plea which has often been exposed and condemned, that "it is right to do evil that good may come of it."
   "Vanderbilt gave a ship to save the Republic in the late war, and history commends him for it," therefore it is right and commendable that we, the honest and pious Republicans, should give our money to purchase votes and carry our party into power, and secure our own party measures.
   Is that the "common sense view of the political?"  If the "common sense" of the people accepts that view of the matter they must be prepared to admit that any party or set of men who are "honest in their belief," have a perfect right to resort to any amount of fraud and corruption in order to secure the triumph of their party and its measures.
   The plain and common sense understanding of Mr. Wanamaker's admission and argument would be that some of our richest manufacturers thought a high war tariff would be advantageous to themselves, and therefore they gave largely of their money to purchase votes for the continuance of such a tariff, feeling sure that they could compel the people to pay it all back to them, and Mr. Wanamaker "gave what he had" as the purchase price of an important and lucrative office.
   COM. [pen name]

PAGE TWO/EDITORIALS.
   Brother Wanamaker is advertising for designs for the new two cent stamp which he proposes to issue. It is a little strange that it has not occurred to him that a portrait of himself, as he appeared on his way from Philadelphia to New York last fall, carrying a carpet bag containing $400,000 of boodle to corrupt the voters of this State would be about the thing. We would have the Hon. John's portrait and his method of corrupting elections constantly before us.

   Was Judge Smith a candidate for [Cortland] County Judge simply for the purpose of dividing the opposition to Eggleston? The Judge obtained the delegates in several towns where Eggleston couldn't get them, but it was a noticeable fact that they were all for Eggleston when the convention met. Those parties who expected to see Smith's and Bouton's forces combine were sadly disappointed. It turned out quite the other way. The forces of Smith and Eggleston combined against Bouton, and the result was disastrous to the latter. The old ring hasn't forgotten how to play the game of politics. Joe was Smith's candidate for Judge six years ago and time has not changed their relations in the least.

   The member of the Republican Committee for this district for the ensuing year is Mr. John C. Barry of this place. We can see no especial reason for the retirement of the old Committeeman Joseph E. Eggleston Esq. He will undoubtedly be at liberty to attend to the duties of the place.

A Large Purchase.
   M. L. Alexander and C. T. Stringham have recently purchased the Nelson Rowe estate on Homer avenue, opposite the Fair Grounds, having a fronting of 350 feet extending back to the D. L. & W. R. R. They expect soon to extend Miller street through this plat [a plot of land—CC editor] to Wm. Smith's and Morris avenue, from Homer avenue to D. L. & W. R. R. This with the plat they bought of C. S. and J. S. Bull, last spring, will make them about 100 good building lots, which is called Waverly place, and as Cortland and Homer are bound to come together and be a city they will help make it so by building a few good residences and selling lots for other parties to put up buildings on. We soon expect to see Waverly place covered with residences and it being in the centre of the city of Cortland and on the street railway, it will be the finest part of the town.

William L. Wilson
TARIFF FAVORS MONOPOLY.
The Tariff the Great Mother of Trusts.
   The existing tariff imposes a tax averaging nearly fifty per cent on the value of all the dutiable goods brought into this Country, which in many cases, as in refined sugar and cotton bagging, we have already seen is entirely prohibitory. Indeed, it is avowedly an extreme protective tariff; that is to say, its duties are not laid to bring money into the treasury, but for the very purpose of keeping out foreign products that might compete with like products made at home. It is, therefore, the nursing mother of trusts. Almost any high-protected article where production may be centralized, like that of refined sugar, in a moderate number of establishments, can be made the basis of a trust as readily as sugar. Now the hard condition of the consumer is that the very purposes for which these tariff taxes are laid requires that they shall be laid on the plain necessaries of life.
   It is a familiar maxim that "Protection, to be available, must be got out of the belly and the back of the great masses of the people." It is, therefore, chiefly in the highly-taxed commodities that supply his primary wants, and which he cannot, therefore, forego, that the citizen is finding himself to-day levied upon by the trusts.
THE PROTECTION OF HAMILTON AND CLAY.
   The theory of the protective tariff of Alexander Hamilton, and afterwards of Mr. Clay, was that it gave a premature and temporary assistance to young industries to get them on their feet earlier than they could of their own strength if subjected to foreign competition. And Mr. Hamilton expressly opposed excessive rates as tending to monopoly, and said that if after a reasonable time any industry still needed protection, it was proof that there were natural impediments to its building up in the country, and it should be abandoned.
   In our centennial year, tariff rates are six or seven times higher than Mr. Hamilton first arranged them in the infancy of the country and in the beginning of manufactures. Moreover, there is not an instance in all that hundred years of any industry once admitted into the government hospital that has not at once become a professional "old soldier," and forever afterward whined with terror or shrieked with rage at the suggestion that it should again face active competition in the ranks. And by both Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Clay protection was granted on the fundamental condition that those engaged in the fostered industries would honestly compete among themselves, so as to give the consumer, whose taxes supported them, the benefit of their cheapest production, provided he might be relieved as soon as possible of the burden of carrying them.
THE PROTECTION OF TODAY.
   But the theory of those who defend the existing rates is not that of Hamilton or Clay, but of Henry Carey, to whom protection meant not a temporary aid to home industries until they could get firmly on their feet, but a permanent and complete prohibition of foreign products the like of which could be produced in this country. He believed and taught that it would be beneficial to us to have the oceans, which encompass us, turned into a sea of fire.
   If my venerable friend. Judge Kelley, who has done me the honor to write me that he is reading these papers, happens to peruse this paragraph, he will not object, I believe, to my saying that both his teaching as a statesman, and his practical work as a lawmaker in framing our tariffs since 1861 have been in accord with the doctrines of Mr. Carey.
TARIFF CAUSES OVER PRODUCTION.
   But the tariff is otherwise responsible for trusts. The high bounties it offers in many industries cause an extraordinary rush into them on the part of those who are tempted by the promise of greater profits than can be made in industries pursued under normal conditions. This rush leads sooner or later to excessive production, and then, to escape the loss threatened by an overstocked market, resort is had to some kind of combination to maintain prices to control supply.
   This circle is, first, excessive stimulation; next, excessive production; and lastly, combinations against the consumer. I know it is strenuously denied by defenders of our tariff that it is chargeable with the great movement in the United States in recent months toward the formation of trusts, and we are told that we are not the only people who are victims of these combinations. I have already said there may be natural monopolies, as when a single country or region produces the entire supply. In such a case—whether that region be one of our states, or England, Holland or even the petty republic of San Marino— it is perfectly feasible for producers to form a trust if consumers must and will still buy their products at artificial prices.
   Combinations of some kind or attempts to form them are as old as the history of trade. I do not deny that a trust such as the Standard Oil or the whiskey trust might arise in any country under the same conditions, tariff or no tariff. But such combinations as our trusts in the prime necessaries of life, in food and clothing, which are produced by no one people, but freely in many countries, can he formed only in a country that surrounds its producers with a wall of protecting duties against supplies from without. The impracticability of forming an international combination among producers of an article found in many countries is shown by the collapse of the recent copper pool, carrying with it the second strongest bank in France, but, as I suspect, not affecting the power of the owners of the great Michigan copper mines to continue exacting from American consumers the excessive prices made possible by the high tariff rates they secured from Congress over the vote of Andrew Johnson.
   The recent movement of the paper manufacturers in England to form a "ring" was met by publishers with the threat that they would get their paper from other countries if their own mills attempted to combine to squeeze them. As the government does not shut off the outside supply it is clear that consumers were in no danger of having to pay monopoly prices.

HERE AND THERE.
   The Prohibitionists hold their County Convention and Mass Meeting in this village Oct. 1.
   Capt. John W. Strowbridge has been appointed constable in place of Wm. W. Swartz, resigned.
   A nearly new 15 horse power steam boiler with complete fixtures, for sale cheap, by J. S. Bull & Co.
   The Screen Door and Window shops commenced work last Monday, after a two months' vacation.
   The smoke stack on the desk factory fell Monday night, and the shops have shut down until it is put in place.
   A meeting of the King's Daughters will be held at Mrs. W. W. Brown's, 15 Reynolds Ave., Saturday, Sept. 28th, at 3 P. M.
   The Patriarchs militant went to Binghamton yesterday. The Hitchcock Manufacturing Company's band went with them.
   The Gormans, a first-class minstrel organization, will appear in Cortland Opera House on Tuesday evening, October 8th.
   Jas. I. Spencer, Esq., of this town, left a pumpkin at this office last Saturday that weighs 35 pounds, and measures four feet and five inches in circumference.
   M. Bickford, of the Telephone company, has caused a telephone wire tower to be erected on the corner of the Welch block, which rises ten feet above the [roof] of the block.
   The Regents of the University have issued a circular which sets forth that hereafter there will be but two instead of three regular Regents' examinations each year, excepting in case where for the best interests three are required.
   Persons who have served as firemen and are desirous of being exempt of jury duty are compelled to file a certificate to that effect with the Clerk of their respective counties in order to make it effective. The Clerk must then at once hunt up and destroy the ballot containing the name of the applicant. This law was passed by the Legislature last winter.
 

Saturday, March 28, 2015

DANIEL McBREARTY KILLED BY THE CARS AND HOMICIDE IN PREBLE.



E. C. & N. track and roundhouse near Owego Street, Cortland. (1894 map)

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, September 27, 1889.

Killed by the Cars.
   At about 6 o'clock last Saturday afternoon, Daniel McBrearty, for the past five years night watchman at the E. C. & N. car shops, boarded engine No. 8 at or near the round house just west of Owego street, intending to ride down to the car shops between Owego and South Main streets. He was not seen alive again by any one after the train passed Owego street, but was picked up on the track near the car shops dead and horribly mangled. It is supposed that he undertook to jump from the engine and fell under the wheels of the tender which passed over him.
   He was carried to his late residence, No. 18 Squires street, and Coroner Moore was notified.
   The following named persons were summoned as a Coroner's Jury and an inquest was held at Firemen's Hall on Monday morning, after viewing the body: A. W. Keeler, A. Gordenier, J. Tuttle, John Conway, W. M. Turner, N. H. Winter, A. Terrell, Wm. Donnegan, J. C. Thompson. Mr. Keeler was sworn as foreman. The post-mortem examination was made by Dr. Dana.
   After hearing the evidence the jury rendered the following verdict:—
   "That Daniel McBrearty came to his death by being struck by the tender of engine No. 8, in the yard of the E. C. & N. railroad, Saturday, Sept. 2lst. 1889, and that his death was purely accidental."
   Mr. McBrearty was an industrious and respected citizen, forty-five years of age, and leaves a wife and two children. By his industry and economy he had paid for a comfortable home since he came to this place from Marathon, some six or seven years since. The funeral was held on Monday last.

HOMICIDE IN PREBLE.
Robert W. Griswold Shoots Dennis O'Shea in a Quarrel Tuesday Morning.
   Last Tuesday morning the citizens of Preble were somewhat startled to learn that Robert W. Griswold, who resides with his son on a farm about three miles east of Preble Corners, had shot his neighbor, Dennis O'Shea. For some months past there has been some feeling between the parties over the fact that O'Shea's cows were frequently found on Griswold's premises.
   Although the farm is owned by Griswold's son Robert, the old gentleman has taken it upon himself to do the faultfinding and quarrelling with O'Shea. Griswold's farm adjoins the Truxton town line and lies on both sides of the road running east and west in the direction of Truxton village. Another road runs parallel with this highway and about a mile south. A few rods west of Griswold's house is a cross road leading to the last mentioned road and O'Shea and family, consisting of a wife and five or six children, lived on this cross road about midway between the two roads running east and west. There is a piece of woods between Griswold's house and O'Shea's.
   A warrant was issued by Justice Frank Daley, soon after the news of the shooting reached Preble and the same was placed in the hands of Constables A. W. Morgan and Henry Currie, who started for the home of Griswold. He could not be found but Mrs. Griswold was seen driving towards Homer and she was followed. On arriving at the latter place she drove about on several streets and finally stopped at the residence of Geo. Stebbins where she stayed to dinner; after which she resumed her journey and drove straight to the jail in this place, where the officers found Griswold, who had given himself up to the Sheriff. The officers took him to Preble on the 3:08 accommodation train. The examination was adjourned until Wednesday at 10 A. M., and the prisoner was brought to Cortland for safe keeping and returned in the morning.
   The People were represented by District Attorney Bronson, and Frank Pierce of Homer appeared for the prisoner.
   The first and only witness summoned was Daniel O'Shea, second son of the deceased and who is about 19 or 20 years of age. His evidence was substantially as follows: "I had just got up and dressed and was at the top of the stairs when Griswold appeared on his own premises and said to father 'Your cattle are in my lot.' Father said, 'Whose fence did they get over?' Griswold answered, 'Not mine.' Father then said, 'I will go and get them out and see whose fence they got over.' As they were walking away across the lot, father said, 'What are you doing with that gun? Griswold answered, 'I'm hunting.' They then disappeared between the two barns and had been gone about eight minutes when I heard father yell, 'Put down that gun.' I ran and stood upon the line fence between Griswold's farm and ours and saw father about 10 rods on Griswold's land and about ten feet from Griswold himself, dodging back and forth trying to confuse Griswold's aim. Finally Griswold fired and father fell after walking two or three steps. Griswold said, 'There G—d d—n you,' and then turned and ran towards his own home. I returned and went after a doctor and made a complaint against Griswold. Before the warrant for his arrest could be served however, Griswold had walked the entire 14 miles to Cortland and given himself up to Sheriff Borthwick. Father was shot between 7 and 8 o'clock in the morning and died at 3:33 in the afternoon."
   Griswold was held to await the action of the Grand Jury and was brought to Cortland and landed in jail.
   The line fence between the two farms is near O'Shea's house. It is claimed by parties who talked with the witness after the occurrence that his first story does not agree in scarcely any particular with the story be told on the stand. It is also claimed that Mrs. O'Shea, who was standing in the door of her house at the time of the shooting, does not agree with her son.
   Coroner Bradford of Homer, summoned the following jury on Wednesday morning: John H. Gay, John Manchester, Richard Egbertson, Edwin Wilbur, Seth Hobart and Frank J. Collier. After viewing the remains, the evidence of Justice Perry Haynes, who produced an ante-mortem statement, and the evidence of Mrs. O'Shea was taken and the inquest was adjourned until Monday at 10 A. M.
   The gun used was a shot gun and the charge struck O'Shea in the left side just below the heart, making a hole as large as a silver dollar and a much larger one on the opposite side where it came out. The charge passed through the diaphragm, kidneys and spleen. The funeral was held Thursday morning.
   O'Shea was about 53 years of age, and is said to have been of a quarrelsome disposition and disposed to fight on rather slight provocation.
   Somewhere about 1868 or 1869, Griswold turned up in Homer and opened a watch repairing shop. He traveled about the country on foot a good part of the time calling at farm houses to repair watches and clocks. About 1870 or 1871, he moved to Cortland and after a while located in the rooms now occupied by the Gas Company's office on Court street, where he hung out a sign as a watch repairer. Business in his line not being very good he added bill posting, and frequently traveled about the county posting and distributing bills. He invariably wore a stove-pipe hat, with an open faced silver watch fastened about midway between the crown and rim in front, and was known everywhere as "the man with a watch in his hat."
   After several years of unsuccessful effort in business here he left town and the next we heard of him he was running a small farm in McLean and was trying, with some prospects of success, to revolutionize the potato growing industry. For one season at least he astonished everybody with the size and yield of his "bulbous roots" and sold his large crop at high prices. A year ago last spring he went to live on the farm where the killing was done, with his son Jay, who had rented it. Last spring his son Robert bought the place. Jay moving to East River, and the old man remained with Robert.
   Griswold is about 63 years of age, very slim and about five feet nine inches in height. His health has always been good and he is an excellent pedestrian. He has always been considered a sort of harmless crank, and no one who knew him would have imagined he could muster up spunk enough to kill anybody.

A Fine Horse.
   Racine, the fine stallion owned by B. B. Terry & Co., of this place was exhibited at the Greene fair last week and attracted much attention from breeders of fine horses. During his stay there he gave an exhibition half mile heat which he made in 1:18 without a skip and without training. Several noted horsemen from Orange county, the acknowledged home of fine horses, were in attendance and they unhesitatingly pronounced him to be the finest horse known to them. They valued him at $25,000, which is a pretty good price for a stock horse, but Racine is a very fine animal and besides being very fast he is as well bred as the best of them. Cortland people ought to be, and are, justly proud of this fine bred horse.

Additional Mail Facilities.
   Postmaster Maybury has brought about a change or rather an addition to the mail service here, which will be highly appreciated by the business men and citizens generally of this place. Commencing Wednesday of this week, a mail pouch for Homer will be forwarded on the 9:58 A. M. train every day except Sunday. A still greater convenience will prove to be the pouch which will be dispatched for Syracuse on the 7:30 P. M. train. Mails will close 30 minutes before leaving time of trains. Postmaster Maybury is entitled to the thanks of all for his efforts in improving the mail service for the benefit of the people of this town.

Election of Officers.
   At a meeting of the Executive Board of the W. C. T. U., held Sept. 17th, the following officers were elected as superintendents of departments:
   Scientific Instruction—Mrs. Julia W. Stoppard.
   Heredity—Mrs. Lydia Strowbridge.
   L. M. S. S. and Freedmen—Kate Greenman.
   S. S. Work—Miss Libbie Robertson.
   Law—Mrs. Kate E. Sanders.
   Press—Miss Amanda Chamberlin.
   Evangelistic—Mrs. Alma Walker, Mrs. M. R. Head, Mrs. Robert Colver.
   Coffee Brigade—Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Decker.
   Temperance Literature—Mrs. Levi S. Lewis.
   Fair—Mrs. J. L. Gillett.
   Finance—Mrs. Helen Beard, Miss Alice G. Purvis, Mrs. S. A. Tanner, Miss Sara Hare, Miss H. C. Henry.
 

Friday, March 27, 2015

AFTER A LARGER GUN




Dr. Joel G. Justin's dynamite canon.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, September 20, 1889.

AFTER A LARGER GUN.
Dr. Justin Wants to Hurl 30 pounds of Dynamite Seven Miles—Details of Monday’s Trials Near Apulia.
(From the Syracuse Standard, September 14.)
   Dr. J. G. Justin, who has succeeded in doing with his dynamite shell, what no one else had done before him—sending a heavy charge of the giant explosive out of an ordinary gun without first bursting the gun—is making arrangements to repeat his experiments on a larger scale. He has written the Secretary of War for a six or an eight inch bore cannon to use on the next trial. Guns are now rated by diameter of the bore instead of according to the weight of the cartridge or shell. A six inch bore corresponds with a 100 pounder and an eight inch bore with a 150 or 200 pounder.
   Such a cannon as Dr. Justin wants to try next will carry a shell weighing 150 pounds. The shell will contain 25 or 30 pounds of dynamite and will be propelled by a heavy charge of powder. The shell will be flung a distance of seven miles before the force of the charge is spent.
   Dr. Justin is eminently satisfied with the trial near Apulia last Monday. He now has every confidence in the complete success and great value of his invention. The experiments so far have been made on one of the Labrador hills, four miles distant from Apulia. Dr. Justin has been at much expense to prepare the range for his trials. G. L. Ransom, a farmer, has been employed for weeks with his team in changing the face of nature to suit the occasion. William Schmidt, an old German of Apulia, has also been in Dr. Justin's pay during the trials, his work being merely to stand in the road and wave a flag when the road was clear of passing or approaching vehicles and people.
   The cannon used at the last trial although comparatively small, weighed 1,800 pounds. Earthworks were built for it and a strong harness made to keep it stationary. The intention was to fire into a gulf beyond which another of the Labrador hills rose. The aim was too high and instead of striking in the gulf the shell exploded half way up the further hill, nearly two miles away.
   When the first shell was discharged Monday afternoon it went screaming over the head of Henry Clark, who was quietly picking berries on the second hill. Clark heard the horrible music and saw the strange object shooting along above him. He was naturally filled with terror. He dropped his berry pail, threw up both hands and gave a yell that was heard by Dr. Justin and his companions above the roar of the cannon. The shell in striking tore a great hole in the earth and sent dirt in every direction and some of it hit Clark. The frightened berry-picker ran for his life, yelling as he ran. The second shell struck the ground about five rods from where the first exploded. In firing the gun Dr. Justin stood behind a big tree 30 rods distant from it.
   Dr. Justin finds that he will be compelled to secure another range for his further experiments. He wants one which will permit the throwing of a shell seven or eight miles and strike against a perpendicular wall. The Labrador hills do not afford these accommodations.

PAGE TWO/EDITORIALS.
   Tanner was undoubtedly given the office of Commissioner of Pensions for the express purpose of fulfilling a promise made to the soldiers before election, that the administration would be liberal in the way of granting pensions to soldiers. It was this promise that secured the large soldiers' vote for Harrison. But Tanner was too liberal. He couldn't give away money fast enough, and the President discovered that if he was allowed to hold the place much longer, there wouldn't be enough money left in the treasury to pay his own salary.

   The three candidates for the republican nomination for County Judge are riding the county about these days, renewing old acquaintances and forming as many new ones as possible. They are willing to promise almost anything for the support of the honest granger at the caucuses and on election day. Next Monday two of them will be mortified over the success of the third and their own defeat. On the evening of November 5th, he will be mortified over his own defeat and the two that are defeated next week will have cause to rejoice thereat. Verily there are some compensations even in politics.

The Service Pension.
(From the Albany Argus, September 17.)
   The country has jumped out of the frying pan into the fire, if Commissioner of Pensions Tanner is to be succeeded by Gen. William Warner or Gen. Merrill. Tanner, we believe, was always consistent in his opposition to the service pension bill; but both Warner and Merrill are now committed to that measure.
   The total number of names on the pension rolls on June 30th was 489,725. The total membership of the Grand Army of the Republic, reported at the recent encampment, was 382,598. As about 100,000 widows are on the pension rolls, the numerical membership of the Grand Army and the number of names of soldiers on the pension rolls are substantially identical.
   The adoption of the service pension as an article of Grand Army faith is virtually an effort to consolidate those who have pensions and those who want pensions into an organized body of voters, strong enough to compel obedience to any demand. The immediate demand of the Grand Army, reiterated at the recent convention, was a service pension to every soldier, sailor and marine who served in the army and navy of the United States between April 1st, 1861, and July, 1865, for the period of sixty days or more, of $8 a month, and to all who served a period exceeding 800 days an additional amount of one cent per day for each day's service exceeding that period. It was also demanded that the widows of soldiers, sailors and marines be given a pension without regard to the term of service of the husband or his cause of death, and, finally, that the Grand Army disability bill be passed.
   These three propositions would increase by nearly three-fold the present annual appropriations for pensions, and unless the government's revenues should be increased, by imposing new taxes, would cause a deficit in the treasury annually of nearly $100,000,000. The service pension bill alone, favored at the last encampment, calls for a yearly pension of ninety-six dollars for a sixty days' man up to $207 for a man who served five years. It is, we believe, a moderate estimate to assume that 600,000 men would avail themselves of this law, involving an annual expenditure of at least $60,000,000, without including arrears. Arrears would swell the total at the same rate up to the tremendous aggregate of over $1,500,000,000, or would almost double the national debt.
   President Harrison has been told by the Republican press, since he removed Tanner, that he must appoint a man to the vacancy who will carry out the Grand Army policy. The Grand Army policy, as announced at the recent encampment, means the bankruptcy of the treasury.

Arabs Flocking to America.
   NEW YORK, Sept. 16.—Scarcely an ocean steamer has arrived during the past two weeks that has not had one or more Arabs among the passengers. By the Edam, from Amsterdam this morning, there were 100. This was too much for the authorities and the natives of the Holy Land were placed under lock and key to await an investigation by the Collector.

THE BRAKES SLIPPED.
Terrible Railway Accident on the Erie at Tioga Junction—Passenger Train Wrecked.
   TIOGA JUNCTION, Pa. Sept. 16.—About 7:05 o'clock this evening the train from Elmira south, carrying seven coaches, ran into a Fall Brook engine at this station, causing a fearful wreck and killing and injuring in all about 25 passengers. The train was coming down a heavy grade and owing to the slippery track and the refusal of the air brakes to work the engineer was unable to stop the train at the station and it rushed by, smashing into one of the Fall Brook heavy Jumbo engines, completely demolishing both. The engineer and firemen jumped for their lives and escaped with slight injuries. The smoker and three passenger cars were smashed into kindling wood. The wreck caught fire and it was with difficulty that some of the passengers were rescued from the burning wreck.
   The flames lit up the heavens for miles around and people rushed in from all parts to render what aid they could to the injured. A message was sent to Elmira asking for medical aid and a train arrived in a very short time. In the meantime doctors from Lawrenceville and Tioga had arrived and given all possible assistance. Stretchers were quickly provided and the wounded were carried to neighboring houses. The names of the dead are:
   Eugene Daighue, newsboy.
   Harry Oliven, of Union, New York.
   The wounded are Ed Bostwick, Lawrenceville, ankle sprained, hands scalded; William Walker, Leona, Bradford county, Pa., badly scalded and scalp wound; William Aspercoshly, Scranton, Pa., traveling for F. W. Fritz, scalded; John Samepool, Lambs Creek, Pa., nose broken, injured on head; George McNamie, Tioga, Pa., nose broken, back injured; Mrs. G. W. Wright, Spokane Falls, Wash. Ter., left leg broken; J. B. Judd, Blossburg, conductor, wounds on head, left shoulder broken; Charles Pierce, Pine City, N. Y., left leg broken; Mrs. Wallace Pryor, Lawrenceville, slight contusion; Miss Estella Ryan, head slightly injured; Emeline Darling, Lawrenceville, slightly injured; Alfred Seeley, Trowbridge, contusions; Herbert Campbell, Mansfield, Pa., scalded.
   Superintendent Kinbloe and other Erie officials are here looking after the accident.

CORTLAND COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY
LIVE STOCK SHOW—OCTOBER 9 AND 10.
LIST OF PREMIUMS.
[Article on Page Two was too long and not copied—CC editor.]

TAYLOR.
   Nathan Oliver, formerly of this place, who has been living in Baltimore for some time, has returned to this place in order to enjoy single blessedness once again.
   Joe Eggleston [Republican candidate for County Judge—CC editor], of Cortland, made a pilgrimage to this place, Friday. He did not call on us, as he promised in his letter to us. Perhaps he found out we were Democratic to the core and of no use to him.
   Miss Nina E. Jordan died at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Jordan, at about seven o'clock Friday evening, September 13, aged fifteen years, ten months and eight days. For nearly a year she has been gradually declining despite all that medical skill and loving hands could do for her. The end came a little sooner than was expected but there was no hope that she could ever get well. We should all feel thankful that she was spared from further suffering and that she has gone to that land where there is no more toll and suffering; where she said she was going, just before she breathed her last. She recognized all her old friends as they came in and surrounded her bedside. She said to them: "I am dying;" and to each one she said "good bye." She also bid them tell her absent friends that she bid them all good bye and to meet her in heaven. We never have seen anyone more reconciled than was she. She fully realized that she was fast passing over the river. Just before she died she told her parents who she wished to preach her funeral sermon. Nina was a girl of more than ordinary intelligence. To her credit, be it said, she was no back-biter. What she had to say she said to one's face. All her life she has lived among us, and during that time has maintained an upright character and an honorable life. She had many friends. Integrity and morality were marked traits in her character. To a friend, a few days before she died, she said: "Once I thought it was hard to die, but now---." Her mother then entering the room, the sentence remained unfinished. We leave it with the reader to conjecture what she intended. The funeral was held from the house Monday, Rev. W. H. Robertson officiating. A large concourse of friends and neighbors were present to testify by their presence and by the profusion of flowers which they shrouded the casket, the respect with which they held the deceased, whom we all loved. A letter of condolence was received from Miss Elizabeth Hathaway. The family wish to extend to all who manifested by their presence and to those who brought flowers and furnished music, their sincere thanks.
   CALUMET. [pen name]

NEIGHBORING COUNTIES.
   CHENANGO.—Frank B. Mitchell has been appointed postmaster at Norwich.
   Geo. L. Marble, of Columbus, has eloped with Mrs. Church, wife of the cheese maker of that place, deserting a respected wife and four small children.
   J. W. Shepardson has just completed a steam grist mill at Smyrna Station, with a grinding capacity of fifty bushels per hour, and an elevator capacity of 300 bushels per hour.
   MADISON.—A furniture factory will soon be built at DeRuyter.
   There is still considerable talk about building a railroad from Oneonta to Earlville.
   Clark Wilcox, of Lebanon, shot a blue heron the other day, which measured six feet from tip to tip of the wings.
   Last Wednesday night dogs got at a flock of sheep owned by A. J. Boyce, on the Eaton farm east of this place, and killed twelve beside injuring several others. Mr. Boyce succeeded in getting the dogs into his barn and after notifying the town officers he caused their sudden demise.
   The principal industry of Bouckville is the mammoth cider mill of S. R. & J. C. Mott, which annually turns out an enormous amount of clear, amber cider, which is sold the world over. The apple crop in this State this year, as is well known, is almost a failure, and for the consumption of this mill some 500 car loads of apples will have to come from Michigan, where the crop has been a good one.
   DeRuyter reservoir, it seems, is to furnish the motive power for the proposed electric railway between Manlius and Syracuse. One half mile south of Manlius the waters of the feeder to the Erie canal, some forty feet wide and fourteen inches deep, leap over a precipice of eighty feet, "tossing up a cloud of spray and thundering like the warring of gods." It is estimated that the cataract would afford 400 horse power, while 150 horsepower would send a car over the line every twenty minutes at a rate of thirty miles an hour.
   TOMPKINS.—Teachers' examinations at Ithaca, Oct. 5th.
   A Slaterville man has about thirty specimens of canaries.
   Boys with Flobert rifles are making Ithacans afraid by their reckless shooting.
   Dr. E. O. Kingman, of Cortland, will exhibit a monstrous sturgeon at the Dryden fair. The fish when alive weighed four hundred pounds and was caught at sea, two hundred miles from land. It will be well worth looking over.
   Fishing for pickerel in Cayuga lake is now rare sport. Many fine catches have already been made with the trolling spoon. The fish are not as large as those caught at Sodus, but they are large enough to interest all who are fond of a day's sport with the rod and line.


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