Monday, September 1, 2014


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, October 21, 1887.
Dr. Frederick Hyde.
   In the death of Dr. Frederick Hyde, which occurred last Saturday morning, this community has met with a loss that will not soon be supplied. Nor is the loss confined alone to this community or our immediate surroundings, for his field of labor extended for many leagues from his quiet home in Cortland. His reputation for skill and learning in his chosen profession had long since passed far beyond the bounds of the state in which he lived, and as it had genuine merit for its foundation it will not soon be forgotten. The loss which the medical profession at large has sustained in his death will be sorely felt.
   His long and active life had been almost entirely devoted to his profession and he often gave his brethren the results of his studies and researches in carefully prepared papers, which were published in some of the Medical Journals, or more frequently read before meetings of some of the many societies of which he was a member and which were afterwards printed in their reports.
   As a surgeon he was especially eminent and his calls to perform difficult and dangerous operations were frequent and often of a great distance from home. That he was entitled to all the praise he received in this branch of the profession, his uniform success, where success was possible under any circumstances, abundantly proves. "Who will take his place?" is a question that has been often asked since his death, but as yet we have heard no answer.
   As a man, Dr. Hyde was nearly complete. He was at times decided and rather brusque in statement, but in his bosom was as warm a heart as mortal man ever possessed. He was a man of decided opinions, and was not easily argued away from his convictions, and this characteristic gave his manners undoubtedly that air of sternness sometimes noticed, yet he was always affable and pleasant to all. When his professional duties permitted, he was a regular attendant at all services in the Presbyterian church, of which he had long been one of the elders, and that he was a sincere Christian his whole life proved. The poor always had his best services without fee or reward, and many who were able forgot that the laborer was worthy of his hire.
   He was so bound up in his profession and so intent on alleviating the sufferings of others that his own needs were lost sight of. He was a most remarkable specimen of physical as well as mental manhood. For over fifty years he was engaged in the active practice of his profession in this village, and rarely lost a day. He was, in fact, one of the most industrious men to be found in town, and those who knew him best wondered if he ever rested. Such a strong constitution is rarely met with, and it was undoubtedly kept vigorous by his temperate habits and cheerful disposition. He was indeed a grand old man.
   Dr. Hyde was born in Whitney's Point, Broome Co., N. Y., January 27, 1807. He acquired a good education from private tutors and commenced teaching at the age of fifteen. In 1831 be commenced reading medicine in the office of Dr. Hiram Moe, at Lansing, N. Y., afterward with Dr. Horace Bronson at Virgil. He joined the Cortland County Medical Society in 1833, and graduated from Fairfield Medical college in 1836. A few months later he entered into partnership with Dr. Miles Goodyear, whose daughter, Elvira, he married January 24th, 1838, and who still survives him.
    In 1841 he attended the meeting of the N. Y. State Medical Society and read a paper on fevers. In 1854 he was appointed professor of obstetrics and diseases of women in the Geneva Medical College and a year later held the chair of surgery in the same institution. In 1872 the college was closed and he became professor of surgery in the medical department of the Syracuse University which office be held at the time of his death. He was a member of the Southern Central Medical Association of New York and of the N. Y. State Medical Society and had been president of both. He was one of the original members of the American Medical Association. He was also one of the founders of the New York Medical Association organized in 1884. He was delegated to the International Medical Congress held in Philadelphia in 1876, and was a delegate and attended the meeting of the British Medical Association held in Belfast in 1884.
   He was appointed by Gov. Cleveland, trustee of the N. Y. State Idiot Asylum at Syracuse to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Horatio Seymour. He was president of the board of Trustees of the old Cortlandville Academy for eighteen years, and upon the death of Henry S. Randall was chosen president of the board of trustees of the State Normal school in this place. He was elected president of the Cortland Savings bank in 1876 and was a trustee of the Franklin Hatch Library association. He attended the International Medical Congress held in Washington a few weeks since, and read a paper on "Gunshot Wounds" that was highly appreciated. He leaves two children, Dr. Miles G. Hyde and Miss Augusta Hyde.
   The funeral services were held at his late residence on Tuesday afternoon. The attendance was very large. Nearly all the physicians in this county and many from abroad testified their respect and esteem by their presence. The floral offerings were many and elegant. Rev. J. L. Robertson preached an eloquent discourse and prayers were offered by Rev. J. A. Robinson.
   After the funeral services of Dr. F. Hyde, on Tuesday Oct. 18th, a special meeting of the Cortland County Medical Society was called at the office of Dr. Dana, by the President of the society, Dr. Hunt. Several of the visiting physicians were present by invitation. In the absence of Dr. C. Green, the secretary of the society, Dr. F. W. Higgins was chosen secretary, pro tem.
   On motion a committee was appointed to frame appropriate resolutions. This committee consisted of Dr. H. C. Hendrick, of McGrawville, Dr. H. T. Dana, of Cortland, Dr. W. C. Wey, of Elmira, Dr. D. F. Totman, of Syracuse, and Dr. A. J. White, of Cortland.
   The following resolutions were adopted:
   WHEREAS, Dr. Frederick Hyde, as in the language of the Scripture text this day chosen for our instruction having "Served his own generation by the will of God fell asleep," therefore,
   Resolved, That while we remember with gratitude the mercies of our good Heavenly Father in giving us his long and useful life and how in submission to the dispensation of Providence that has taken him from us, it is meet to express our sorrow in the loss of so distinguished a member of our profession, and our affliction, for we have lost a friend.
   Resolved. That we recognize in the life and services of Dr. Hyde, the embodiment of all the elements of the "good physician"—a broad knowledge in the requirements of the profession; the life-long student, ever alert to the latest advances of Medical Science; his library laden with the latest publications and literature, indefatigable and self-sacrificing in the practice of his profession, ministering by day or night alike to rich and poor; a wise counselor, a friend of the most humble practitioner; possessed of a keen sense to the preservation of the honor of the profession, a physician whose memory we revere, whose virtues are worthy of imitation.
   Resolved, That as a citizen we gladly bear testimony to our appreciation of his worth and work, his interest in every public enterprise that tended to elevate the good and overcome the bad—the Christian church, the cause of temperance, the friend of education, as his most constant high official trusts during his lifetime bear tribute, all conspire to prove the noble work of a noble life.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, October 28, 1887.

   At a recent meeting of the Board of Directors of the Franklin Hatch Library Association, the following memorial and resolution were adopted, viz.:
   At an early day in the existence of the Franklin Hatch Library Association, death has claimed a victim from among its directors.
   Dr. Frederick Hyde, a. man ripe in years and experience, was the first sought out for counsel in its undertakings, and the first to heed death's inexorable summons. Through his co-operation and zeal the Association this day has existence.
   It is with unfeigned sorrow that the surviving members of the Board of Directors contemplate the void made in its councils through his death.
   In following his remains to their long rest, the Board is not unmindful of the sorrows of the bereaved family, and beg to offer to it its heartfelt sympathy. Be it therefore
   Resolved, That the Secretary of this association be, and is hereby instructed to enter upon its record the foregoing memorial, and to transmit a copy with the resolution to the family of the departed.
   [Attest] EDW. D. WEBB, Secretary.

   At a meeting of the Local Board of the Cortland Normal and Training School held at the office of said school, October 24th, 1887.
   Members present—R. H. Duell, R. B. Smith, Henry Brewer, L. J. Fitzgerald, J. S. Squires and Norman Chamberlain.
   James S. Squires was chosen President pro tem.
   The following resolutions were adopted:
   Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Frederick Hyde, for many years President of this Board, we recognize the removal of one whose long life has been a life of active usefulness and employment, ever exhibiting a care for the rights of others, and a devotion to the general welfare of the community at large. As a husband and father, neighbor and companion, he was especially held in highest esteem for the various qualities which those relations were wont to call forth in their best forms. As a physician, he took a high stand in his profession, and for more than fifty years he was a recognized leader among the able men of the school of medicine to which he belonged. In public station he was faithful and trustworthy, and gave his time and influence to the success of every good cause. As his associates in the Local Board, we shall always hold his memory in high esteem for his kind and courteous treatment, and for the able, impartial and conscientious manner in which he has presided over the deliberations of this board.
   Resolved, That the foregoing resolutions be entered upon the minutes of the Local Board, and that the Secretary be requested to furnish a copy of the same to the family of our deceased brother with the assurance of our sympathy and condolence.

   Resolved, That the trustees of this Bank learn with deep regret of the death of their late associate and friend, Dr. Frederick Hyde, who, from the first organization of this Bank, has been one of its trustees, and for over ten years its President.
   Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Hyde, this community has been bereaved of a citizen whose daily life illustrated all the virtues of a Christian character, and of a man who never sought to evade any public or private duty. We point with pride at the record of a life well spent in the labors of a profession to which he has left the priceless legacy of a spotless name, and the example of all that may be achieved by patient industry and persistent labor. We who have been associated with him for many years bear testimony to his uniform kindness and courtesy, and to his fidelity to the interests of this institution.
   Resolved, That the Secretary transmit a copy of these resolutions to the family of the deceased, and that he likewise enter the same upon the records of this Bank.


Sunday, August 31, 2014


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, September 2, 1887.
A Monster Labor Demonstration.
   The third annual picnic of the Trades and Labor Assembly of Syracuse and vicinity, on Monday Sept. 5, Labor holiday, will undoubtedly eclipse anything in the line of labor demonstrations ever seen in the interior of the State. The grand parade will take place at about 10 o'clock in the morning in the city, and the line will be composed of all the legitimate organized labor unions and assemblies in the city and vicinity. It is estimated that about 3,000 persons will be in line. The picnic will be held at Pleasant Beach, Onondaga Lake. Reduced rates on the D. L. & W. R. R., will enable those in Cortland and Homer, wishing to participate in the day’s festivities to avail themselves of this chance. Small bills will be distributed giving time tables and rates of fare.

[Page Two/Editorials.]
   The result of the republican caucus held in this place last week proved beyond a doubt, that to be successful the opposition of the Standard is an absolute necessity.
   The next State Firemen's Convention will be held in Cortland. This is a brilliant victory for State Treasurer Fitzgerald, for he labored zealously to secure the convention for 1888 to be held in his own town. Mr. Fitzgerald is something of a fireman himself, and he knows all Cortland will turn out and give the fire laddies a most royal reception.—Albany Argus.
   By the Herald correspondence and the Cortland county papers I see that the county is making its usual bluff for "recognition." There are a good many politicians to the square inch in Cortland, but they generally run against Onondaga. Of course, it is not much for the southern county to ask for either the Congressional or Senatorial nomination, but just now it looks extremely improbable that they will get either.—Syracuse Herald.
   The fact has recently leaked out, that the republicans intend to hold their judicial nominating convention in this district, at a very late day in the campaign, for the reason that there are several weak candidates in the field. Their idea seems to be that if one of these weak candidates is successful, the holding of the convention only a few days before the election, will prevent the weakness of their candidate from being made known to the people. The very best man in the district should be nominated for the important office of Judge of the Supreme Court, and voters should take especial pains to see that the candidate voted for is both able and honest. There should be no trickery practiced in respect to this important office. It is of interest to everybody to have an able and an honest judiciary.
   The first caucus under Editor Clark's revised rules and regulations was held in this village last week. The caucus was called to choose delegates to a convention which is to elect a delegate to the Judiciary Convention not yet called. As is pretty well known, Ex-[County] Judge A. P. Smith and M. M. Waters of this place, are candidates for the nomination for Judge of the Supreme Court, and both were anxious to secure the delegate from this county. Editor Clark published a long editorial a few weeks since taking strong grounds in favor of Mr. Waters, who is an able lawyer and would make a good candidate. Fortunately, as the sequel will show, Judge Smith had no organ to back him but went into the fight on his own hook. As the day for the caucus drew near, it became manifest to all that Mr. Waters and his abilities were lost sight of, and that the fight was to be a rough and tumble go-as-you please match between Smith and Clark. The result proved that such was the case. Judge Smith's delegates received 412 votes and Clark's 58. Voters had to be registered according to Clark's new version or else they were obliged to say they voted for Blaine in 1884 or Davenport in 1885. Some, who were undoubted republicans, but who had voted for Cleveland in 1884 or Hill in 1885, refused to be [sic] about it and they were not allowed to vote. Democrats were excluded in every instance. The result indicates pretty plainly that Mr. Waters was unfortunate in having the support of the editor of the Standard, and it also shows pretty plainly, that if any democrats have voted in republican caucuses heretofore, they must have voted in Clark's interest or else his following in the republican party in this town is mighty small. Of course the result in this town does not decide the question, as there are several towns yet to hear from. The towns yet to hear from may change the aspect of affairs provided Editor Clark has not interfered.
   The Prohibitionist State Convention held at Syracuse last week, adjourned on Friday. The following is the ticket nominated:
   Secretary of State—D. W. C. Huntington, of Cattaraugus.
   Comptroller—Caleb B. Hitchcock, of Cortland.
   Attorney- General—Silas W. Mason, of Chautauqua.
   Treasurer—W. W. Smith, of Dutchess.
   State Engineer—J. P. Grey, of Ulster.

Hancock and the Execution of Mrs. Surratt.
(Mrs. Hancock’s Book of Reminiscences.)
   When Lincoln was shot, Gen. Hancock being military commander of the district proceeded at once to Washington and took measures for the discovery of the murderer. His widow calls attention to two points in this connection on which she says he has been seriously misrepresented.
   "The proclamation that was issued about that time, calling upon the negroes to arm and assist in hunting down the President's assassin, was really written by Attorney-General Holt and Mr. Stanton, and only published formally over the commanding officer's signature. [This] proclamation Montgomery Blair maliciously endeavored to use as an argument against Gen. Hancock's nomination [President] in 1869. The attempt to make Gen. Hancock in any way responsible for the trial and execution of Mrs. Surratt is as unfair a charge as any man has ever been called upon to meet, and he never cared to discuss it, so obvious to all intelligent and fair-minded people did he consider its injustice.
   "The troops, 100,000 men, were under his entire control, including those that guarded the prisoners. All orders came to him from the Secretary of War, and through him to Gen. Hartranft, who was the governor of the military prison, and who had immediate charge of the prisoners, and gave the verbal order for the execution.
   "Gen. Hancock never understood why he should be held responsible for that unhappy execution, as cruel a spectacle as ever stained the escutcheon of a nation. President Johnson was wholly responsible for it. Not once, but many times, did my husband urge upon the President unanswerable reasons for granting a pardon. He would reply that he could not. The execution was demanded by many prominent men of his party, and a portion of his cabinet was as uncompromising as the others.
   "The question has many times been asked, Why did Gen. Hancock consider it necessary to be present at the execution? For the important reason that Miss Surratt had gone to the President at the last moment, by his advice, to plead for a pardon for her mother, and it was hoped up to the last moment that a reprieve would come. This fact necessitated his presence at the arsenal to receive it from his couriers, stationed at intervals along the route from the White House to the arsenal, in order that if the President relented and granted a reprieve, not a moment would be lost in reaching him."

The Farmers Picnic.
   Last Tuesday was a gala day for the farmers of Cortland county. Long before noon the spacious grounds of the Floral Trout Park [located near South Franklin Street. See 1876 map link below—CC editor] in this place, were filled with farmers accompanied by their wives, daughters, sons as well at their ''cousins and their aunts,'' who had come to enjoy the farmers picnic. Huge baskets of good things were unloaded, and while the men were engaged in discussing various questions of interest to themselves, the women folk were busily engaged in preparing the feast that was to follow. After dinner the HON. D. H. Thing, of Maine, was introduced, and spoke for nearly an hour and a half. His remarks were well received and seemed to please all who heard him. Miss Wheaton, of Binghamton, was then introduced and gave an excellent recitation, the subject being especially suitable to the occasion. Miss Wheaton possesses an excellent voice, and is a very fine elocutionist. Very few professionals could have equaled her performance upon this occasion.
   A sharp rain storm set in and the hall upon the grounds was soon filled with people. The weight proved too great for the sleepers [support beams—CC editor] and the floor on one side of the building broke down with a crash. Fortunately no one was injured, but two or three of the ladies present fainted.
   After the shower Lieut. Gov. Jones, of Binghamton, was introduced. Mr. Jones is a fluent speaker, and he succeeded in putting himself on good terms with his audience in a half hour's talk. He seemed to be entirely familiar with the needs of the farmer and his remarks were listened to with marked attention. His ideas on taxation seemed to find especial favor with his hearers and his advice to them on voting was equally well received. An impromptu reception was held after the speech and an immense number of those present were presented to Gov. Jones.
   It is said that over 3,500 people passed through the gates of the park on Tuesday. The young people had a dance in the hall after the elders had departed. This was by far the largest gathering of farmers that has taken place in the county in years and it was voted a decided success. Gov. Jones took the evening train for Syracuse on his way to Geneva, where he spoke the following day.

Old First National Bank at 36 Main Street was located next to Fireman's Hall. Tompkins County Trust Co. now occupies the block.

   Next Monday is labor day, a legal holiday.
   The frame of the Cortland Omnibus Company's new building is nearly completed.
   The Homer & Cortland Street Railway Company has declared a dividend of 3 percent.
   The annual parade and review of Cortland Fire Department will occur Wednesday, Sept. 7th, 1887.
   Robert Nixon, of this place, has taken out letters patent on a machine for the manufacture of rakes.
   At least 150 people from this place took in the excursion to Pleasant Beach, under the auspices of the Homer Band, last Saturday.
   The season at the Opera House will open September 12th, with Murray & Murphey in "Our Irish Visitors,'' under the management of J. M. Hill.
   It is rumored that parties from Scranton, Pa., have bought the overall building on North Main street, and that they will soon start a corset factory [Cortland Corset Company--CC editor.]
   Rev. W. W. Hunt will deliver the address at the Odd Fellows' picnic, to be held at Floral Trout Park, in this place, on Saturday, Sept. 3d, at 2 o'clock.
   Burglars attempted to enter the residences of A. H. Bennett and W. F. Hitchcock, on Clinton street, Homer, last Tuesday night. They were frightened away by the ringing of the burglar alarms attached to the windows.
   Justice Squires held Jay Wood, of Norwich, in $500 bail for his appearance before the grand jury on the charge of robbing the boy, R. D. Brinsmade, of Ithaca, of $8 in money. His examination was held on Monday last. Bail has not been secured.
   The work of tearing down The First National Bank building was commenced on Monday, and finished yesterday. A handsome new building will be erected on the site. The bank is occupying quarters in S. K. Welch's store until the new building is ready for occupancy.
   Last Tuesday, Mrs. Patrick Littleton, who resides near the fair grounds, north of this village, had occasion to come down town and left her little seventeen months old daughter, Katie, in charge of a sister who was visiting her. The sister had occasion to go to the upper part of the house for a few minutes, and left the child in the kitchen. When she returned the child was missing. A tub of water, covered with a board, stood near the back door, and the child was found in the tub. Although there were signs of life when the child was taken out, she could not be resuscitated.
   A brutal and disgraceful affair happened a mile or so west of this village, in the town of Cuyler, on Friday afternoon last. Ralph Burt and wife, of Quaker Basin, while returning from Truxton, quarreled over some money matters until he, unable to persuade her to give up the funds, knocked her from the wagon and jumping out kicked her severely in the side. She finally eluded him and ran up the hill toward Ethan Coon's, while he, seeing Cyrus Burdick and one or two others coming across the fields, attracted by her cries, drove hurriedly away. The unfortunate woman was taken to Thos. Davidson’s and Dr. Truman called. One eye was closed, and for some days severe internal injuries were feared. It is not the first nor the second time her worthless husband has pounded her, yet no notice has been paid to it. We are assured that there are two sides to this matter; there is no side to it, however, that can justify such an assault.—DeRuyter Gleaner.

The Irishman Too Much For Him.

   At a certain debating society an English doctor recently argued that the Irish were naturally a depraved and dishonest race and in support of his position he adduced his own experience. He remarked that he had at Manchester 800 Irish patients on his  books, and out of this number only 30 paid  him his fees. 
   An Irishman arose when the doctor sat down, and said: "Sor, there is never an effect without a cause; there is never a phenomenon which does not admit of an explanation. How, sor, can we explain the extraordinary phenomenon to which the doctor has called our attention? He finds an explanation in the natural depravity of the Irish nature. I, sor, have another explanation to offer, and it is this: That the thirty patients who paid him were the only ones that recovered."

1876 map showing location of Floral Trout Ponds and Hall (click or touch map to enlarge or move):