Saturday, October 25, 2014


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, April 6, 1888.

He Lost a Turnkey Fee.

   EDITOR DEMOCRAT: —The Cortland correspondent of the Syracuse Sunday Times in the issue of March 31st, asks the sympathy of the community for the Sheriff of Cortland county, alleging a boycott of that officer. On the 23d of March last, one Eagan was brought before Justice Bouton by Constable Brown, upon the charge of having misappropriated books of a Syracuse publishing house, of which he had been agent, to the value of twenty-five dollars. The trial was adjourned until the next A. M., and the justice issued a commitment in the usual form and delivered the same to the constable.
   No jury was empaneled at any time. The constable, at the solicitation of Fred Hatch, Esq., defendant's counsel, and with the consent of the complainant and his counsel, I. H. Palmer, Esq., retained the defendant in his custody without taking him to jail, for the space of about four hours, when two dispatches were received from the manager of the Syracuse publishing house, one by the justice and the other by its agent in Cortland, asking that Eagan be discharged. The complainant paid all the costs in full, and Eagan was discharged. Eagan remained in the custody of the officer and was in Cortland village until long after the arrival of the telegrams for his discharge.
   The Times correspondent complains that Sheriff Van Hoesen has lost his turnkey fee of 37 1/2 cents in consequence of the defendant's remaining in the custody of the constable, with complainant's consent, for four hours, instead of being confined in the county jail for that length of time, for which he might have received his turnkey fee and something for boarding a prisoner.
   The people will hardly agree with the correspondent, that the main object of the administration of justice is the increase of sheriffs' fee , which are now sufficiently large to satisfy the ordinary tax payer.
   The incarceration of innocent persons, or of those whose guilt is extremely doubtful, has been carried far enough, and it is high time that a reform were instituted. The statement of the Eagan case in the Times contains scarcely a shred of truth, but is being hawked about to enlist the sympathy of the community in behalf of the political aspirants of the sheriff's ring.

Grace Church Election.

   The annual election of the wardens and vestrymen of Grace church for the next year, which was held last Monday, resulted as follows:
Wardens--H. B. Hubbard, H. L. Rogers.
Vestrymen—E. D. Webb, S. M. Benjamin, Geo. J. Mager, A. Mahan, Horace Dibble, J. S. Bull, Geo. L. Warren, John Ireland.

Page Two/Editorials.

   The United States is the only country that collects a tariff on raw materials. This extra tax has to be paid by the consumer.
   The citizens of Syracuse have raised $30,000 to purchase a site and to erect buildings thereon for the State Fair. If a bill now in the Assembly is passed, the State Fair will be permanently located in that city.
   The products of the farmer are not protected by the present high tariff, but the manufacturer of the tools and machinery which he is obliged to use on his farm is protected. And yet the products of the farmer furnish the foundation for the wealth and prosperity of the country.
   The farmer who has wool to sell is protected by the present tariff, but his neighbor who has no sheep is not protected on any of his products. When he purchases a suit of clothing however, he finds that he is paying an extra price for them in order that his neighbor may be protected. Take the tariff off wool and thereby place all farmers on an equal footing. It is wrong to tax the many that a few only may be benefited.
   Farmers should look after their own interests. All classes of mechanics have their unions and are bound together for self protection. The mechanic without capital earns better wages than the average farmer who has several thousand dollars invested in his business. Every farmer should insist on a reduction of the present tariff, that he may be enabled to purchase tools and clothing at a price that will compare with the present low price of farm products.
   The new tramp law passed by the Legislature provides that "every tramp, upon conviction as such, shall be punished by imprisonment at hard labor in the nearest penitentiary for not more than six months, the expense during such imprisonment not to exceed one dollar a week per capita, to be paid by the State." Tramps are described as "all persons who rove about from place to place begging, and all vagrants living without labor or visible means of support, who stroll over the country without lawful occupation." This act does not apply to any person under the age of sixteen years, nor to any blind person, nor any person roving within the limits of the county in which he resides.

A Card to the Citizens of Cortland and Vicinity.

   Having sold my gallery, formerly known as the Evans' Branch Gallery, at Cortland, to Mr. E. McGilhvary, I hereby heartily recommend him as a first-class workman in all the branches of artistic photography. Mr. McGilhvary has been in my employ at the University Art Gallery in Ithaca for the past four years, and if artistic skill, close personal attention to business, and an earnest desire to please his patrons and to build up an enviable reputation avails anything, I bespeak for him a prosperous business. Thanking the citizens of Cortland for their past patronage to myself, I earnestly beg the same will be extended to one whom I am confident will prove worthy of it.

   Very respectfully yours,
   E. D. EVANS, Ithaca, N Y.


   New maple sugar is coming in freely and selling for ten cents a pound.
   Rev. Mr. White has moved into the new Baptist parsonage.
   J. W. Cudworth of Oxford was in town on Monday calling on old friends.
   The many friends of Rev. Mr. and Mrs. White took the new Baptist parsonage by force on Monday evening. R. Warren, Esq., in behalf of those present, in a few well chosen words presented Mr. and Mrs. White with an elegant carpet and an easy couch, bed spreads, toweling etc., as a mark of esteem in which they are held in this community.
   Mrs. E. C. Parker, after a long and painful illness died on Saturday morning. The funeral was held at the Presbyterian church on Monday afternoon.
   The Harry Stetson Dramatic Company, billed here for the week for the benefit of the McGrawville brass band.
   Frank Wheelock met with a sad and painful accident at the corset factory on Tuesday morning. While engaged in cutting a piece of red hot steel, a piece flew, striking him in one of his eyes. It is feared he may lose the use of his eye.
   Post Tarble G. A. R., have made arrangements with the Fisk Jubilee singers to give one of their popular concerts on April 24. NEPOS. [pen name]

Implement Trial at Elmira.

   Next week the annual implement trial by the Elmira Farmers' Club will occur—the days Wednesday and Thursday, 11th and 12th, April, the place the fair grounds north of the city. In former trials visitors have been conveyed from the Erie station to the grounds by rail, as they will be at the coming trial, doubtless. There will be abundant hotel accommodations at two dollars s day, and meals may be procured on the grounds at moderate prices. So much for the information of visitors who want to know about cost, which may all be comprised in railway and hotel fares, for no admission fees or other charges will draw upon resources. Those who go by rail can estimate very closely, and the only remaining question must be—will returns compensate time and money expended in the visit?
   Of course farmers will decide for themselves what benefits they may derive from a show, that sets before them the best farm tools, implements and machinery in practical work. If there be desire for information concerning the operation of tools that every farmer must have, in one form, or another, the opportunity will be exceedingly favorable for manufacturers will be present to show their wares under any conditions that may be imposed. They will have on the grounds plows, harrows, cultivators, planters, drills—in short the whole list of farmers’ tools and machinery—ready for every demand, and everything will tie for sale.
   It is worth something to see the great collection of improved tools all of the highest class, and all subjected to whatever practical tests visitors may desire, for exhibitors are not reluctant to meet any reasonable demand. They enter cheerfully most exacting competition with full knowledge that success will be gauged precisely by merit in performance, and there are no committees to give arbitrary decision, for each interested visitor exercises his own unbiased judgment. Such is the character of the trial, practical work displayed before capable judges left free to make their own conclusions.
   In past years road-making machines have attracted much attention at the trials. They have been worked in the presence of many thousand visitors and with such good effect that many purchasers have been found. Last year one of the largest machines was drawn by a traction engine, a novelty, that will appear again next week, probably. Road-making machines are usually shown by the manufacturers who invite most severe tests. There are always confident, and their confidence is justified by the surprising capacity of their machines.
   A thousand things at the show offer lessons of real value to farmers. The trial is in the best sense a useful show that should attract many thousand visitors. It comes at a season of year when farmers want to buy plows, and other tools, and gives them the very best opportunities for gaining such information as they need regarding capacity, adaptability, and all else about which they may desire knowledge to guide choice.
   Bear in mind the days of the trial will be Wednesday and Thursday, 11th and 12th of April. If bad weather occurs there are buildings on the grounds to shelter thousands of persons and they will be open for that purpose.

Friday, October 24, 2014


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, March 30, 1888.
Gone to Philadelphia in Search of a Boarding House.
   Last Wednesday morning A. B. House and son, contractors in the finishing room at the Cortland Desk Co. shops, failed to make their appearance. Inquiry soon developed the fact that the night before, they had purchased tickets at the D. L. & W. station for Philadelphia and left on the 10:33 P. M. train.
   The Desk Co. pay their men in checks, and last Tuesday was the company's payday. Early that afternoon House and son came into the office and asked that their check be made out and given to them in time to draw their money as they wished to settle at the house where they were then boarding and look up another place. The check was given to them and they left the office. Since then they have not been seen and it is fair to presume that they are now searching for lodgings in the Quaker City.
   Their board bill has been paid, but they are indebted to the city drug store to the amount of about $8, principally for cigars, and about $150 to the men whom they had at work for them. A B. House came to this town from Oxford, where he had been employed in the chair factory. He had no family. The son was married, and with his wife, boarded at the same place with his father.
   A suspicion that everything was not right was excited at the [train] depot when Mrs. House, Jr., purchased three tickets for Philadelphia, and when the flight of the illustrious trio became known there was no difficulty in ascertaining the place to which they had gone. It is to be hoped that the train on which they took their leave met with no accident, and that they are now safely lodged in the city of Brotherly Love.

Frank Hiscock
Page Two/Editorials.
   The Republican State Convention called to choose delegates to the Republican National Convention, will be held in Buffalo, May 16th.
   Judge Ruger, the present Chief Justice of the Court of Appeals of this State, is prominently mentioned as likely to succeed the late Chief Justice Waite on the Supreme bench of the United States. His appointment would be eminently satisfactory to the bar of this State.
   Gen. Adam Badeau has brought an action against the family of the late General Grant to recover several thousand dollars claimed to be due him from the estate for revising and correcting the book of memoirs published by Gen. Grant just before his death. Badeau claims that he put the finishing touches on the book, corrected the grammar, and in some cases rewrote whole pages of the same. Col F. D. Grant and Badeau are having a long controversy through the papers, and much bad feeling is manifested on both sides. The prevailing opinion seems to be that the book was printed about as Grant wrote it, and that Badeau's claim is not entitled to much consideration. Gen. Grant was not a very flowery writer, but he had a very plain and concise style of telling what he knew that answered every purpose.
   Syracuse politicians of the Republican persuasion are trying to get up a little boom for Senator Frank Hiscock, as a candidate for the Republican nomination for President. Senator Hiscock has been a very fortunate man in politics, but we think he will prefer to hold fast to what he now has rather than seek a higher place from a party that has not the power to give it to him. Syracuse has been pretty well taken care of, so far as official position is concerned, and it's about time for our ambitious neighbor to occupy a rear seat for a short period. With two judges of the Court of Appeals, a U. S. Senator, a judge of the U. S. Court, two Supreme Court judges, a State Senator and representative in Congress, besides many other smaller offices, Syracuse people should be contented.

   The birds are again with us, and are trying to make us believe that spring is here, but when we think of the blizzard that succeeded their songs of a few days ago, our faith in them wavers. We dare not hope.
   The witnesses in the Forbes will case are in Cortland this week, attending the trial which has been adjourned so many times.
   Mr. Albert Rice, started for Philadelphia Tuesday morning, where he has gone in search of medical and surgical treatment. Dr. W. S. Carruth accompanied him.
   Our genial drugist, N J. Baldwin, was in Cortland Tuesday, on business.
   Miss Mary Muncy, has gone to Alfred Centre, Alleghany Co , where she will attend school.
   Mr. J. Philley, of McDonough, was in town Tuesday.
   "Whit" Bird, who is in the employ of Chester White, caught a fine large owl recently, which Mr. White decided to have stuffed. The work was done by Prof. F. M. Wilson, in a manner that reflects great credit upon his skill as a taxidermist.
   QUEER PEOPLE. [correspondent’s pen name]

   A maple sugar party will be given at Grange hall, on Tuesday evening April 3rd. Good music will be furnished and the youngsters can trip the light fantastic sweetly.
   The man and wife from Solon, hired by Eugene Holdrich, are both sick with measles. Their only child, a babe of 11 months, died Saturday of the same disease. Eugene is just coming down with it. Dr. Hammond is the physician in attendance.
   Judge Milo Madison and Clarissa Day visited at Fred Welters, last Saturday.
   Little Bessie, only daughter of Granville and Mary Brusie, was buried one week ago last Sunday. Mrs. Geo. Conklin, who had suffered some time with consumption, was buried last Thursday. Mrs. Davenport Clark, an aged resident of the town of Richford, was buried last Sunday. All these funerals were held at the church at the Mills. Elder Peck officiated at the first, Eld. E. Tyler at the second, and Eld. I. L. Fletcher at the third.
   Henry C. Vincent has purchased the Jackson farm of Wm. Howard. Consideration twenty seven hundred.
   Oh, Benevolence! Thou art but another name for Republican politics in this town. Thou standeth upon the streets and sayeth to the poor voter, thou art my brother and thy wife is my sister; thou bilchest up thy prancing steeds and drivest afar over hilltops and gorges, and thou sayest to the poor voter, come near unto me voter, that I may shake thy friendly hand with the electioneering grasp, such as thy hand never receiveth from me. Oh, voter but once annually? What, art thou astride the electorial fence? Oh, voter, behold I bring thee yellow gold, saith Benevolence, and I scatter it on this side the fence for thy sake, dear voter, that thou mayest hop down from thy perch thereby relieving thy spinal column. Moreover Benevolence, thou art on the alert on the election morn; and thou watchest with a smile as the wooden-legged soldier approaches thy yard with a load of wood and thou sayest, Oh, wooden legged soldier, I will tender unto thee two fold for thy fuel and thou mayest show thy gratitude by the manner you handle your poll; furthermore, Benevolence, thou sayest to the three-fingered old sailor who is a stranger to the ways of this town (having lived here too short a time to be a resident) behold three-fingered sailor I will give thee a measure of flour, and when thou approach the spot where the poll is stuck up, look then upon this sack of flour and let it constrain thee to use only this ballot which I place in thy three fingers, Oh, sailor; also Benevolence thou trailest thy purple robes in the dingy cellar where thou storeth thy hard cider and thou sayest drink ye all from spigot and bung bole, till alas the three-fingered sailor can no longer walk a plank but falls in the water which runs thick as frothing wine with flour from his punctured sack, and as the poor wife runs out with the ladle to skim what she may from the seething water, he cries, Oh, Benevolence, I can endure thy spigot but I am overcome by thy bung hole.
   JOHN. [correspondent’s pen name]

From Everywhere.
   Syracuse is agitating the question of a new $200,000 city hall.
   The Pope has created Mr. Laubet, of New York, a Roman count.
   The report of the Board of Emigration shows 450,845 immigrants arrived in New York last year.
   The Auburn board of trade has spent $4,630 in the past year towards bringing new industries to that city.
   The Governor has signed the bill appropriating $185,000 for a new asylum for insane criminals at Mattewan.
   A bill has been introduced in the House of Representatives to build a ship canal around Niagara Falls in New York.
   Emerald Hose No. 4 will give a grand ball at Taylor Hall Monday evening next.
Good music in attendance. A cordial invitation is extended to all to be present.
   The New York Mail and Express has been sold to Elliott F. Shepard. It is stated that Mr. Shepard acts for himself and not for any syndicate in purchasing the paper. The price is supposed to be $500,000. Mr. Shepard is a son-in-law of the late William H. Vanderbilt.
   John W. Wogen was arraigned Monday before the Wabash county, Ill., circuit court on a charge of inhuman treatment of an insane daughter. The evidence showed that the girl was confined in a miserable log hut, six by eight feet in size, with a seal partition across the centre. Here for years the girl has been confined, entirely naked, with straw for a bed and covering during the cold weather. Wogen was bound over in the sum of $500.