Sunday, April 26, 2015


David Bennet Hill

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, January 24, 1890.

Gov. Hill Wants the Adirondacks Reserved for a Pleasure and Health Resort.
    ALBANY, Jan. 20.—The Governor transmitted the following message to the Senate to-night:
To the Legislature:
   The portion of northern New York, known as the "Adirondacks," has become a great summer and winter resort for persons seeking pleasure or health, not only from our own State, but from other sections of the Union. It is rapidly becoming the nation's pleasure ground and sanitarium. The State now owns a large portion of this section, which has been placed under the control of the Forest Commission.
   The present statute seems to contemplate the retaining of all lands that come to the State from tax sales as a part of a vast park, without reference to quantity, quality or locality, and many parcels thus received are small and are not connected with the main body of the State lands. It seems to me the limits within which lands are to be retained by the State for this purpose should be settled and defined, and should include the wilder portion of this region, covering mountains and lakes at and around the head waters of the several rivers that rise in that locality, including the Hudson river, and that all the lands outside of these limits shall be subject to sale as other State lands are sold. If practicable, these lands could be exchanged for wild and forest lands within the limits prescribed.
   Considerable complaint has been made that persons desiring to build summer camps or cottages upon lands belonging to the State have not been permitted to do so. I see no reason why, under suitable restrictions, small parcels should not be leased at a moderate rental for such purposes. Such occupants would have an interest in preserving the forests in all their beauty, and would be the best of fire wardens and foresters, while the wilderness would thus afford a summer home to persons of moderate means as well as to the wealthy.
   It is represented to me by those who are familiar with the situation and the needs of that section, and in whose judgment I have confidence, that a State park from fifty to seventy miles square can be obtained by the State in that region at comparatively trifling expense, and that when obtained, if judiciously and sensibly managed, it will prove of inestimable value and benefit to the whole country.
   Personal inspection on my part last summer of a portion of the Adirondack region confirms, in my judgment, the desirability of some appropriate legislation upon this subject.
   Several reasons are apparent why it is expedient that some independent commission should investigate this matter and originate a scheme for the carrying out of the suggestions herein outlined, rather than the Forest Commission, whose powers are already limited by statute and whose duties are confined to a mere preservation of the forests. I think the Adirondack forests, instead of being an expense and burden to the State, are capable, under the liberal policy here suggested, of paying all expenses of their preservation as well as of yielding a handsome revenue to the State.
   I would therefore suggest the propriety of authorizing the appointment by the Governor of a commission to be composed of three or five public spirited and well informed citizens, familiar with the Adirondack region and its needs and having no adverse interests (who shall serve without compensation except traveling and other necessary expenses), to investigate the whole subject, and recommend to the Legislature a plan for the creation of a State park in the Adirondacks and fix and define the limits thereof, and for the leasing of small parcels thereof for summer camps, cottages and buildings, and for acquiring all forest lands within its limits, and make such other accommodations as the commission may deem proper.
[Signed] DAVID B. HILL.

Look up Their Records.
   It is understood that one of our Justices is a candidate for re-election. It is also understood that he is a candidate for the office of Police Justice of the Village of Cortland. Any aspirant for office ought to be willing to stand upon his official record, and we propose that the taxpayers of the town of Cortlandville shall have a few chapters from his official record, notwithstanding it may not be entirely credit able to him.
   For the year ending Nov. 1st, 1889, his bill against the town of Cortlandville for criminal business was audited at $1,383.05. For the year ending Nov. 1st, 1889, he paid over to the County Treasurer in fines, $150.00.
   For the same period of time, another Justice's bill against the town of Cortlandville for criminal business was audited at $708.55, and for the year ending Nov. 1st, 1889, the same Justice paid over to the County Treasurer in fines, $234.40.
   If any one doubts the above statement we invite their attention to the records of the Board of Supervisors and also of the Town Clerk of the town of Cortlandville.
   The inquiry is especially pertinent now, when our taxpayers are called upon to pay over two per cent, on their assessment valuation, and the figures are significant.
   Cortland, Jan'y 23, 1890.

Stillson-Benton Wedding.
   A large number of invited guests assembled at the elegant residence of Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Benton on Wednesday evening to witness the marriage of their youngest daughter Louise, to Mr. Arthur F. Stillson, also of this place. The ceremony was performed by Rev. A. L. Benton, of Montrose, Pa., an uncle of the bride, assisted by Rev. J. L. Robertson of this place. The refreshments which were elegantly served, soon after the ceremony, were all that could be desired by the most fastidious and the presents were many and valuable.
   Among the guests from out of town were the following: Col. and Mrs. Lamont and Dr. and Mrs. C. W. Sanders and daughter Grace of New York, Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Greenman of Bridgeport, Conn., Miss Ormes of Jamestown, N. Y., Miss Vail, Mrs. E. J. Kline, Mrs. D. H. Burr and Mr. C. E. Lighton of Syracuse, Rev. and Mrs. A. L. Benton of Montrose, Pa., Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Greenman of McGrawville, Mr. Harry Pomeroy of Phoenix and several others whose names were not learned.
   Mr. Stillson is superintendent of Wickwire Bros. wire works in this place and is a very genial and popular young business man with an exceedingly bright future before him. Mrs. Stillson is one of Cortland's most amiable and accomplished young ladies and has friends innumerable. The young couple will make Cortland their future home and will have the best wishes of all during the journey through life.
   They left on the 10:58 P. M. train for New York, where they will spend some time visiting friends and relatives, when they will leave to visit other places of interest before their return home.
   The employees of the wire works made the couple an elegant present which testified to their high appreciation of Mr. Stillson as a man, and which will be highly prized for the interesting associations ever called to mind by its possession.

   TOOTHACHE.—The President of the Midland Branch of the British Dental Association, Mr. H. C. Quinby, protests against the present extravagant waste of human teeth by country surgeons and incompetent dentists, and declares that, while there may be sufficient reasons for extracting a tooth, it is never necessary to do so merely to relieve pain. In at least 90 per cent of the cases coming to an active dentist, pains from the teeth are due to what may be called primary and secondary toothache.
   Primary toothache, the pain of which is oftener felt in the nerve terminals in the face than in the tooth itself, is congestion of the tooth pulp, and it may be relieved very easily by careful excavation sufficient to allow an escape of blood from the pulp, which may then be devitalized by an arsenical dressing. To complete the operation, which may be postponed for weeks without further inconvenience, the pulp must be removed from the root canals, and these filled to the apex.
   Secondary toothache, or alveolar abscess, is caused by gangrene of the pulp, and is regarded by most surgeons as so serious as to call for a removal of the tooth, which in nine cases out of ten might be retained and made useful and comfortable. The course of treatment is an opening to the pulp to relieve the pain, followed by a series of antiseptic dressings in the roots to cleanse them from all putrescent matter, and then, as in the other case, filling them to the apex.

   Thomas A. Howland, a prominent merchant and postmaster at Centre Lisle, has assigned [declared bankruptcy--CC editor].
   The Auburn woolen mills are about to add twenty more looms to the plant of that manufactory.
   The Onondaga Iron Works, Syracuse, have been leased at $10,000 per year to Frank P. Baird of Ohio.
   Walker Blaine, son of Secretary of State Blaine, died at Washington Wednesday night of pneumonia. He was 35 years old.
   Bishop Huntington has appointed Mrs. S. C. Knickerbocker of Watertown to be president of the Woman's Auxiliary for the entire diocese of Central New York.
   Hereafter, it is stated, the New York Central will transport dogs free in baggage cars at owner's risk only when the dog is provided with collar and chain or contained in a box or crate. Baggage men are strictly prohibited from receiving dogs for transportation under any other circumstances.
   Cayuga county has given to the world some eminent men. Millard Fillmore spent his early life in Summerhill; David Locke (P. Nasby) was raised in the same town; John D. Rockefeller, the Standard oil king, was born in Owasco. Talmadge, the great preacher, toddled about Cicero, Onondaga county, in his early years.
   P. T. Barnum is not popular with the patriotic citizens of Canada. There is a heavy duty on circus posters in the Dominion, and Mr. Barnum has been under great expense in taking printed matter across the border. He planned a Canadian tour for 1886, and two years before that date he sent tons of posters to Canada and neglected to pay the duty. The stuff lay uncalled for at the custom-house and was advertised for auction at last. Barnum sent an agent to the sale, who bought the bills at a bargain. The story leaked out, and now Phineas T. is on the Dominion's black list.—N. Y. World.
Public Exercises of the Debating Clubs—Tuesday's Exercises.
[Debating Clubs' summaries and student essays were omitted by CC editor.]
   The interest which our citizens taken the work of the Normal School was demonstrated on Tuesday afternoon by the vast assembly which filled the Opera House to witness the fortieth commencement. Promptly at two o'clock, the exercises opened with prayer by Dr. H. A. Cordo, followed by the anthem, "Praise God in His Holiness," sung by the school chorus.
   The graduating class numbered twenty-five as follows:
   SCIENTIFIC COURSE.—Charles Dominic Hill.
   ADVANCED ENGLISH COURSE.— Lucy M. Bucklin, Lottie Louise VanHoesen, Jay Smith White.
   CLASSICAL COURSE.—Pauline Allis Gardner, Harriet Belle Snider, Libbie Gertrude Gross, Ada Belle Weatherwax, Myrtle Helen Miller, Cornelia Augusta White.
   ELEMENTARY ENGLISH COURSE. — Bertha Mary Augustine, Emily Hogarth Covert, Lillie Elizabeth Dunn, Eva Emily Dresser, Carrie Elizabeth Fillingham, Emma Louise Horton, Frances Newton Heath, Ella E. Jaynes, Irene Belle LaMunion, Gertrude Lizzie Maxwell, Mary Ann McNamara, Minnie Belle Strickland, Harriet D. Tiffany, Cora Elizabeth Wood, Gennie Sarah Wratten.
   In the evening from 7:30 to 10 o'clock, occurred the Principal's reception at the house of Dr. and Mrs. Hoose on Railroad street. Besides the present graduating class, the class who are to graduate next June, and many of the older graduates were present, also the Faculty and members of the Local Board. All enjoyed a highly delightful evening, notwithstanding the severity of the weather outside, and the first twenty-one years of the Cortland Normal closed up very pleasantly to all connected with it.

Saturday, April 25, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday, January 17, 1890.


Memoranda of a Sufferer From the "La Grippe"—The Record of Events—Agonies of a Patient Put on Paper.
(From the Syracuse Courier, Jan'y 11.)
   I have the "La Grippe." Cold chills run up and down my spinal column; my head is immensely larger than at the close of a big banquet; every bone in my body aches as if each severally had run up against Professor Easterly; am hot and cold by spells alternating every 45 seconds; head is hot, nose runs and pulse trying to trying to beat the record. Shall I die? No, Deo volente.
   Propped up by pillows, wrapped in blankets, ice on head, feet immersed in hot water, dirty decoction in stomach, I have been absent from business four days. Bills from the store; bushels of correspondence and friendly calls are—have been unnoticed. The seat of my ambition is undermined; my nerves are strung like untuned harpsichords; the banging of doors, the heavy footfall or loud voices make painful discord to my sensitive ears.
   Beyond my diary, in which I have recorded my symptoms since stricken down, I have no pleasure in life. My minutes I have decided to give to the world. Should I die they are my last utterances; if I live—well no matter.
   Jan. 7, 3 P. M.—Have felt mean all day. Swore at my partner for suggesting that we take up a note long overdue. Kicked the office boy an hour ago for asking me where McGinty was buried. Wonder if I have the Grip. Have heard whisky and quinine recommended. Have five-grain quinine pills in my pocket. Will go out and get the whisky.
   Jan. 7, 7 P. M.—Got the whisky and got home. Some way the proportion of whisky to quinine was too large and the dose did not set well on my stomach. Am bathed in perspiration. All my bones ache. My head is splitting. Have sent for the doctor.
   Jan. 7, 9 P. M.—The doctor has just gone. He says I have La Grippe and must keep quiet. Quiet! Every nerve in my body is tingling. The doctor left a nasty decoction that I am to take every four hours. He says quinine must be stopped but whisky may be taken in moderation. Thank heaven all is not dark. Have just taken the first installment of the decoction—bah, will take whisky.
   Jan. 7, 9:10 P. M.—Took three fingers full of whisky and am going to bed. Have a Perfecto cigar in my mouth but it don't taste good. My wife is crosser than I ever knew her before. She just said it looked as if it were going to snow. What wisdom these women have. Have my feet in a pail of hot water, some ice on my head and am going to bed. Guess I'll be able to go down town to-morrow.
   Jan. 8, 9 A. M.—Never passed such a night in my life. Cold baked beans, hard boiled eggs or bushels of sauerkraut never could have made my dreams worse. Rolled and tumbled for hours before I got one wink of sleep, my body bathed in perspiration. In two minutes by the watch I had in my dreams died, dug my own grave, buried myself, gone to Hades and made myself acquainted with the surroundings and all the inhabitants. Had just returned to earth, heard my will read and was about to forbid the bans in the marriage between my widow and the next door neighbor when I woke up. Subsequently I searched all over the bottom of the Atlantic ocean for McGinty, followed Nellie Bly all around the earth two miles behind her, invented and patented a machine for shaving notes, planted the stars and stripes on the North Pole and conducted Skaneateles lake water to Syracuse. Couldn't eat any breakfast. The oatmeal stuck in my throat and beefsteak and crisp fried potatoes held out no inducement. All the strength in my body has departed. My head spins round like a top. Guess I won't go down town to day.
   Jan. 8, 10 A. M.—The doctor has just gone. He says I must stay quiet for two days. Jones next door has got the grippe [influenza] and four of my acquaintances on the block are down. There is a pain in my chest that I don't like. Pneumonia is said to be prevalent. Wonder what size coffin I would take. Pshaw! I won't dwell on such things. Have just taken my medicine. What's the matter with whisky?
   Jan. 8, 1 P. M.—Oh, how my bones ache! Want to walk around, but my legs won't hold me up. Tried to split some kindling wood but could raise the axe only high enough to dent the wood.
   Jan. 8, 3 P. M.—Can't read. The papers have nothing in them and the type in my favorite edition of Shakespeare dances up and down. Just saw Jones standing at the window with his hands in his pockets. Wonder if he feels as mean as I do; hope so, at least. It isn't time for my medicine yet. Guess I'll hit the whisky and lie down.
  Jan. 8, 9 P. M.—What a long evening it has been. My wife says I am cross; perhaps I am. Certainly feel mean enough to do anything. Hope I can sleep to-night. A little whisky may invoke the muse of slumber.
   Jan. 9, 8 A. M.—What in the devil induced all the cats in the neighborhood to congregate around the house last night and mock at me. The deep bass voice I know belonged to Jones' big Tom. If I ever get strength enough I'll fill his old hide with buckshot. Haven't touched water for two days. Can't see where all the perspiration last night came from.
   Jan. 9. 10 A. M.—See by the morning papers that the dowager mother of the Prince Idiot has just died with Grip. Thank heaven, it is no respecter of persons. Can't stand this staying indoors. Will bundle up and go down town.
   Jan. 9. 9 P. M.—Have had an awful time since I penned the above. Despite my wife's protests and tears I put on my overcoat, overshoes, muffler and gloves and started for the city. On the front walk I fell from very exhaustion and had to be carried into the house. Have been flat on my back ever since. All the contents of my stomach I turned over on account. The doctor has just gone. He says I am coming out all right and left me a tonic. Ye gods this "Grip" is no laughing matter. Will go to bed.
   Jan. 10, 9 A M.—Slept quite a little last night and feel much better. The fever has almost entirely left my body; my pulse has slacked down into the region of the normal. Have just braced my shattered nerves with two horns of whisky.
   Jan. 10, 12 M.—The doctor has just gone. Says I am on the highroad to recovery and may go down town if I ride both ways. Will I ride? I would fly to get out of this stuffy house. Feel so good guess I’ll take a drink with myself.
   Jon. 10, 7 P. M.—Rode to the store and dabbled a little in business. Went to the little place round the corner to keep up my nerve and saw all the boys. Twenty-nine of the 30 present had had the "grip," and the exchange of experiences was interesting. Am going to the store in the morning, so must bustle to bed.

   County Judge Eggleston has appointed Norman Harmon to be court crier in place of Joel Call, deceased.
   The Loyal Circle of Kings Daughters will meet with Mrs. W. J. Perkins, 14 Reynolds avenue, January 18, at 2:30 P . M.
   C. E. Boyden, of Marathon, has been appointed assistant postmaster of the Assembly. Marathon seems to have a mortgage on this office.
   Mr. S. M. Ballard received his commission as postmaster of this village last Monday morning, and at once assumed the duties of the office.
   The high winds of Monday last tore a wind-mill, on the farm of Walter Morris, three miles west of this village, in pieces. Hardly a splinter was left of it.
   The "grippe" has eluded the vigilance of the turnkey at the county jail, and several of the inmates are suffering from the effects of distemper. Quinine and whisky.
   The sale of seats for Keene's presentation of "Richelieu," in Cortland Opera House, opens at Wallace's Friday, January 17, at 9 o'clock A. M. Get your seats early.
   The following officers have been chosen by Cigarmakers' Union, No. 116:—President, Florence Sullivan; Vice President, S. J. Doyle; Secretary, John E. Galvin; Treasurer, John Burns.
   The Patrons Relief Fire Association of this county have added $65,000 to their risks within the poll year and their total insurance in this county at the present date is something over $1,025,000.
   Assemblyman Peck, of this county, has been liberally dealt with by Speaker Husted this year. Mr. Peck is chairman of the committee on Revision, fifth on the Judiciary committee, second on Codes and fourth on Rules.
   One day last week Messrs. Melvin & Chidsey sold their fruit business to Mr. E. A. Hopkins, and the latter disposed of the same on the same day to Dunning Bros., who will sell the same and put in a stock of groceries. Their store is located in the Churchill building.
   A bald headed gentleman residing in Sayre, Pa., has been using onion poultices on the bare spot for the cure of neuralgia. A little over a month after commencing to use the remedy he was surprised to find his baldness rapidly disappearing under a healthy growth of red hair. It is understood that red onions only were used in preparing the poultices.
   William Orton, an inmate of the County Alms House, left that institution last Monday evening. He is about 50 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches tall, wears full beard, tinged with gray, and had on black soft hat, sack coat and vest of dark material, and overalls. Thought to be slightly out of his mind. The authorities at the Alms house would be glad of any information concerning him.
   The bell for the new Presbyterian church arrived on Saturday evening last, via. the E. C. & N. road. It is 3 feet 6 inches high, 8 feet 4 inches in circumference at the top, and 15 feet at the bottom, and weighs 4,034 pounds. On its side is the inscription, "Presented to the First Presbyterian Church, Cortland, N. Y., in loving memory of Hannah Frary Blair, A. D., 1889.  'Enter into his gates with thanksgiving and into his courts with praise—Psalm c: 4.'" The bell will probably be placed in position this week.
   The Eden Musee has been attracting many visitors during the past week and all who have examined the 20,000 curiosities on exhibition pronounce them wonderful as well as interesting. The entertainment during the evening is well worth witnessing. For two or three days the rattlesnake, which has a cage all by himself, was to all appearances dead and it was decided to put him in a glass jar to be filled with alcohol. Accordingly he was transferred to the jar on Tuesday morning and carried to a drug store where the operation of filling was to be performed. The atmosphere in the room was quite warm and the party having his snakeship in charge had to wait some little time. As the druggist was about to fill the jar, the snake gave him a knowing wink with one eye, which had the effect of stopping further proceedings. He soon gave such strong symptoms of being dangerous that he was taken back to his cage where he now is. The snake was simply dormant.
   Silas Baldwin held a golden wedding at Klocks hotel last week.
   Miss Ann Moss is working for R. Egbertson, whose wife is on the sick list.
   Miss Sadie Lyman has another week of vacation because of the sickness of Mr. Jones.
   George Klock has purchased the Cardiff hotel and will take possession in the near future.
   Franklin Briggs has been quite ill with the grippe. Doctor Johnson of Cortland, cared for him.
   Mr. and Mrs. John B. Briggs was called to Homer on account of the sickness of Mr. Fred Briggs and daughter.
   Mr. Franklin Jones, who has been complaining sometime is now confined to his bed, consequently our school did not commence on Monday last as was expected.
   The funeral of Mrs. Leticia Hobart was held at the M. E. Church on Thursday of last week. She died at Homer and was the mother of our highly esteemed citizen Mr. Seth Hobart.
   Your correspondent saw an article on Cortland's big cactus. The out of the way village of Preble can boast of a cactus measuring eight feet and six inches in height and about eight inches in circumference at the ground. This cactus is the property of A. Francisco. He has also a night blooming cereus of about the same height. 

   There is [sic] a few more cases of "la grippe" in the place.
   The telephone poles from East River, where they connect with Cortland as far as Cuyler are up. They are to continue to DeRuyter. So you see we are to have connection with the outer world soon.
   Died on January 11, at the residence of his parents in East Homer, after a long and severe illness, Bert Cushing, aged 25 years. The death of Bert falls with crushing weight upon the bereaved parents. He was an only child and the hope of their declining years. He has been stricken down in his fresh young manhood by a disease that baffled the skill of his physicians. Of sterling integrity and unblemished character he stood the peer of any young man in this community. His untimely death will be mourned by all and his bereaved parents have the heartfelt sympathy of the entire community. UNCLE SI.
   Died, January 8th, Mr. John Oakley, aged 78 years and ten months.
   Madame La Grippe is stopping in our town. She calls on the rich and poor, the old as well as the young.
   Mr. Dewitt Lane, who has been very sick for some time is improving.
   The wind on Monday done a good deal of damage in our town. It tore up two trees in the yard of Mrs. Ladd, and broke a tree in the yard of Mrs. Price, and when it fell, it went on the telephone wire and broke it down. 

   Mrs. Elias Fisk is in poor health.
   Charles Loop, jr., went to Freetown one day last week to consult Dr. Allen in regard to his health.
   F. E. Jordon, who has been confined to the house for the past three weeks with a species of "la grippe," is so as to be around once more.
   Dr. Neary was called to South Brookfield last week as counsel, to see Charles DeLong, formerly of this place, who is dangerously ill with pneumonia.
   We would like to know for whose benefit the mail carrier on the route between Taylor and Truxton, makes his three weekly trips, the public or to suit his own convenience. Of course we know it is hard travelling, consequently we do not expect him to make his trips on schedule time, but this should not serve as an excuse for him to keep the mail pouch at his house until the next day and then take it to Taylor arriving there after the Cortland stage has gone. Such neglect makes it very inconvenient for us many times. We have deposited letters in the Taylor Centre post office and if the mail had arrived at Taylor anywhere near in time our letter would have reached Cortland Wednesday. As it was it did not reach Cortland until Thursday. We hope our mail carrier will reform, so as to serve the public more acceptably. 

   Mr. Nicholas Cornell was in the place on business lately.
   Mrs. J. Holden, of Solon, is at her aunt's caring for her in her sickness.
   Mrs. Frank Underwood and daughter, were guests at Joseph Underwood's a short time since.
   Melvin Furber is on the sick list, also Mrs. Milford Brown and many others. It is hoped Mrs. Tripp is a little on the gain. Mrs. H. Lennon is no better; not much hope.
   If the proprietor of the Freetown store was looking to his own interest, he would visit this place and see that his property is not destroyed, and that certain parties hold their vigils in some other place than in his store, to the destruction of property and the disturbance of peaceful citizens and the sick in our midst. Out of respect to the wives and mothers I will withhold names.  

   As late as Monday of this present week honey bees were out looking for sweets, and peonys had begun to spring from the ground. The thermometer was at 73 dg.
   We are informed that Bentley & Johnson have purchased the stock of goods owned by C. O. Parsons & Co., and are to move into the building formerly occupied by the late firm.
   C. Eugene Boyden went to Albany Sunday evening where he expects to secure the appointment of Postmaster of the Assembly. Mr. Boyden has been a very energetic worker in the party, and as this is the first time he has asked for anything he will doubtless secure the prize, or at least something that will pay as well.
   A great number of Marathonians have been captured by la grippe and the hotels have had not a little boom thereby. Quinine and whisky seems to work well with some, and efforts have been made to have a certain physician recommend the "fire water" of one hotel as vastly superior to the others, but as yet the official notice has not been given.
  *   * [pen name symbol of local correspondent.]

Friday, April 24, 2015


Benton B. Jones

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, January 10, 1890.

Kind Words.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT comes to us in a 7 col. quarto form. It is a well edited and made up paper.—Otselic-Herald.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT came to us last week in an eight-page form, seven columns to the page. It is a well printed paper and shows great improvement.—Skaneateles Free Press.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT, one of the best of our Democratic exchanges, made its appearance last week in an enlarged form and printed in new type. It now contains eight pages and fifty-six columns.—Owego Gazette.
   We compliment Benton B. Jones, editor and proprietor of the Cortland DEMOCRAT upon the greatly improved appearance of his paper in its new dress and style of makeup. May it always be thus or better.—Binghamton Democrat.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT is about to occupy a new building of its own, is putting in new presses, and made the advent of the new year as a seven column quarto. These are outward evidences of a success to be admired.—Moravia Register.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT came to us last week enlarged to eight pages and otherwise improved. The DEMOCRAT, always chock full of news, now becomes the leading newspaper of Cortland county. Our hand [printer’s hand symbol/bullet directing reader’s attention—CC editor] to Bro. Jones—Earlville Standard.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT has recently enlarged to eight pages, seven columns to the page. It is now one of the handsomest weeklies of the State, and as good and bright as it is handsome. Brother Jones has our congratulations.—Syracuse Courier.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT, since moving into its new building on Railroad street [Central Avenue], comes out in a neat seven column eight page form, greatly improved in appearance. Evidently Bro. Jones intends booming democratic principles as they were never before boomed.—McGrawville Sentinel.
   "Brer" Jones, of the Cortland DEMOCRAT, shows his enterprise by giving his large circle of readers a surprise in the form of an enlargement to eight pages, a new caption and, if possible, an improvement in every department of the paper. Long may the DEMOCRAT and its editor flourish.—Oneida Union.
   Brother Jones of the Cortland DEMOCRAT has moved into his new building, and celebrates the new year by enlarging that paper to eight pages, seven columns to a page, and printed on a new improved press. With increased facilities, he cannot help but prosper, and he deserves to, for he is worthy of prosperity.—Marathon Independent.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT is one of our oldest standbys, and Brother Jones gets out one of the best Democrat papers in Central New York. P. S.—Since the above was put in type the last issue comes to us in an improved form, having eight pages and a new head. It is handsomer than ever, and much more convenient to handle.
Lisle Gleaner.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT last week took on folio shape and gave many outward and visible signs of its determination to keep abreast to the times with all the modern improvements and innovations. The DEMOCRAT is the organ of Democracy in Cortland county. It is a clean, reliable, carefully edited paper, presenting each week the local, general and political news in a manner that, must meet with approval from every candid reader.—Binghamton Call.
   The Cortland DEMOCRAT appeared last week in a new dress, enlarged to an eight page, seven column sheet so much changed for the better in its appearance that we at first failed to recognize in it our old and always welcome weekly visitor. Brother Jones has just erected a fine block for his business, and placed in his press room a Cottrell two revolution power press, upon which the DEMOCRAT is printed, all his presses to be driven by a six and one half horse-power water motor. We congratulate him upon the success he has achieved, so well deserved.—Chenango Union.
   With the New Year the DEMOCRAT was born again, and came out as a handsome eight page paper, instead of a quarto. The new DEMOCRAT was very much improved in appearance by the change and we congratulate Brother Jones on the event. With characteristic modesty he says not a word of his papers' changed appearance, but his readers will note it all the same and give him due credit for the excellent local paper he publishes—politics excepted. The DEMOCRAT was printed last week on a new two revolution C. B. Cottrell press which has been set up in the new DEMOCRAT building.—Homer Republican.
   When the entire editorial force of a newspaper has the grip [influenza], any failure to do what ought to be done should be pardoned. This is our only excuse for omitting to mention in last week's Standard the great improvement in appearance which our neighbor the DEMOCRAT has made by discarding the old blanket sheet, four-page form, and adopting the more modern, convenient and in every way desirable eight page, fifty six column sheet. A new office and new two-revolution Cottrell press and paper-folder have made it possible for brother Jones to make a change which in his old quarters and with his old machinery would have been impossible. We congratulate him on the beauty of the DEMOCRAT in its new shape, and trust that he will see before long how terribly inconsistent it is for such a handsome and readable sheet to be advocating such reprehensible politics.—Standard.

Sale of the Corset Company's Property.
   The real estate and personal property of the Cortland Corset Company, located on North Main street in this village, was sold by Referee S. S. Knox, on Saturday last to S. E. Welch of this place, and Byron H. Bierce of Scott, for $3,000, they being the highest bidders for the same. We understand that Messrs. Welch and Bierce assume all of the liabilities of the Company amounting to about $18,000. The Company was organized about three years since with a capital stock of $25,000 and for some months seemed to be in a prosperous condition, but about a year ago they virtually shut down and have practically done no business since. We are unable to learn the cause of the trouble, as the directors seem to be rather reticent about talking in relation to the matter.

New Ice Company.
   Messrs. Thompson & Matthews of Fayetteville, N. Y., have been in town a few days making preparations to start a retail ice business in this village. They are both experienced ice men and will doubtless give their customers first class new ice. The ice they expect to handle will be of a superior quality as they expect to obtain their supply dally from the large ice house now being erected at Little York by D. W. Van Hoesen, of this village. They will be in town on or about the first of February for the purpose of making contracts.

   There are 134,000 Mormons in Utah's total population of 300,000.
   Over five thousand Russians have settled in and around Eureka, Cal., within a year.
   The eight business banks in Syracuse in December reported $7,643,573.33 of loans and discounts and $5,918,837.83 of individual deposits.
   The Courier Company of Buffalo have shipped P. T. Barnum, now in England, ninety tons of printed paper for advertising his "greatest show on earth."
   It is thought Jonesburg, one mile outside of Hudson, will be chosen as the site of the new State prison, to take the place of the one to be abandoned at Sing Sing.
   It is stated that negotiations which have been in progress for some months with a view to the establishment of a rubber trust in Trenton, N. J., are about completed. British capitalists, it is said, are to take an interest amounting to $3,000,000, and to push the stock in England and Scotland. The capitalists are believed to be the same ones who bought up a number of American breweries.
   The attempt to settle up the affairs of the Riverside and Oswego Mills Company at 66 cents on the dollar, or 75 cents, 50 cents in cash and the balance in stock, has failed, and the assignees have ordered a sale at auction February 6 of all the vast property at Olneyville, which comprises one of the finest woolen goods mills in the country. This is thought to be a test of the strength of the Juilliand party as against the Chapins. It is reported that the mill employing nearly 3,000 hands will not be shut down.
   Thursday evening Judge Thomas M. Cooley of Ann Arbor, Mich., chairman of the Inter-state Commerce commission, was sitting in his library, when his negro coachman, armed with a double-barreled shotgun, entered. The Judge saw that he had become insane but, betraying no alarm, he asked him what was the matter. The negro replied that he had decided to kill the whole family as they talked too much and left him no time to think. The Judge told him he agreed with him, and that he would attend to it. By the use of consummate tact the Judge succeeded in mollifying the man until he at least laid down his gun and left the room. The Judge at once telephoned for an officer, and in a short time a deputy sheriff placed the coachman under arrest. Doubtless a frightful tragedy was averted by the nerve and coolness of the Judge.