Friday, July 3, 2015


Cortland Normal School.
The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 30, 1890.

The New Trustees.
   Last week Superintendent of Public Instruction Andrew S. Draper appointed Messrs. Theodore H. Wickwire and John W. Suggett to be trustees of the State Normal school in this village, to fill the vacancies caused by the death of Messrs. J. C. Carmichael and N. Chamberlain. It was generally understood that other names had been urged for the places by "Boss" Clark of the Standard, and the appointment of the above named gentlemen was something of a surprise to all but those who are in the confidence of his majesty. It seems that it had been made to appear to politician Draper, that the appointment of any person supposed to be particularly in the interest of boss Clark, would not be tolerated by the people of this village who have the best interests of the school at heart, and consequently the programme had to be changed much to our neighbor's disappointment and chagrin.
   While the appointments are entirely satisfactory to the citizens of this place, the action of Superintendent Draper is deservedly criticised. The first trustees of the school were appointed by Superintendent Weaver, a Democrat, and the board was made up of five Democrats and four Republicans. This was considered a fair apportionment and so long as the Democrats were in power this apportionment was continued. It was expected that when the Republicans came into power they would make the board stand five to four in their favor, at the first opportunity and these expectations were soon realized. It was not believed, however, that Superintendent Draper could be prevailed on to attempt to steal the entire board. No one doubted for a moment that boss Clark would take all that lay within his reach, but our people had a right to expect something better of his superior. What this gang of small politicians expect to gain by this last exhibition of their grasping proclivities we are unable to learn, but that they think they have some very clever scheme on foot there can be no doubt. The board now stands, Republicans 6, Democrats 3.
   Laying aside any questions of a political nature, the appointments are most commendable. Mr. Wickwire is a member of the firm of Wickwire Brothers, engaged in the manufacture of wire goods, and is a first-class business man, an enterprising and highly respected citizen who, it is confidently believed, will act entirely upon his own judgment in all matters connected with the management of the school. He is a pretty strong Republican but is not the kind of man likely to introduce politics into business or school management.
   Mr. Suggett is one of our ablest young lawyers, possesses mature judgment, and while he is a Republican in politics, he won't act as such in the board. He is well fitted in all respects for the place and will make a valuable trustee and his appointment as well as that of Mr. Wickwire gives the very best satisfaction to the people.
   The Syracuse Standard has published several articles since the appointments were made calculated to create an erroneous impression as to the situation here. One would think to read the Standard that a large portion of our people were opposed to Dr. Hoose, the principal of the school. We do not understand this to be the case.
   Some years since there was a big fight here growing out of the attempt of one Gilmour, then Superintendent of Public Instruction, to remove Dr. Hoose. The latter very properly refused to go and the Court of Appeals decided that he could remain. Of course both sides had adherents and the fight waxed warm until the decision was made, soon after which the excitement died out and there is very little of it left. With the exception of the editor of the Cortland Standard and a half dozen followers, the people are perfectly satisfied with Dr. House's management of the school and do not ask for, nor would they tolerate a change. While the two new appointees were never supporters of Dr. Hoose, and one of them we believe has not been on intimate terms with him for some years, both of them will do what they can to advance the interests of the school and will avoid any unpleasantness that the chief malcontent in the board may endeavor to bring about. Had the latter been allowed to dictate the appointments as he hoped, neither Mr. Wickwire or Mr. Suggett would have been members and there would have been a repetition of the disturbance of a few years since.
   The appointments are very satisfactory, but no thanks are due the editor of the Standard or Superintendent Draper. They would have done differently had they dared.

   Congressman Flood, of Elmira, has introduced a bill in Congress asking for an appropriation of $100,000 for a public building in Ithaca. While all the principal towns in the surrounding counties are asking for appropriations for public buildings, the citizens of Cortland are either too modest or too lazy to ask for anything. Will some one start a petition to be presented to Representative Belden, asking Congress to appropriate $100,000 for a public building in Cortland?
   In 1888 the Cortland Standard, the Rochester Democrat, the Troy Times and the New York Tribune, republican papers, and each and every of them insisted that potatoes were "bulbous roots" and that as the Mills bill admitted the latter free of duty, the tariff was thereby taken off potatoes, and if the bill was passed foreign potatoes would be brought here as ballast and be sold in the markets at a much lower figure than they could be raised by American farmers. The McKinley bill, which passed the House last week, puts "bulbous roots" on the free list. Isn't it about time these same papers commenced to howl about it? Those Cortland county farmers who were deceived by these journals in 1888, ought to call for an explanation from the Cortland Standard.

[CC editor’s note: With few exceptions we copy exactly the style of printing found in a newspaper. Reducing a very long paragraph into two or more paragraphs and eliminating a coma or two, are the most employed modifications. Note also that the rules for capitalization were different in 1890.]

Chicago Physicians Called Down.
   CHICAGO, May 26.—The doctors in here are indignant because the health officer has refused to accept "heart failure" as a cause of death.
   "The expression 'heart failure' is a delusion," said Dr. Tomlinson, registrar of vital statistics. "We won’t accept it any longer on a death certificate. I think we have already sent back over 150 such certificates since Commissioner Wickersham and Dr. Rauch of the State Board of Health, came to the conclusion that the term indicated that the physician sending it in as a cause of death either did not know what the malady really was or wished to cover up the true cause. A doctor might as well certify that a man died from want of breath as to say he died from heart failure. The number of illiterate and ignorant physicians practicing in Chicago is astonishing."

Austin Corbin.
President Austin Corbin’s Recent Visit to Elmira.
(From the Elmira Advertiser, May 22, 1890.)
   Austin Corbin, president of the Philadelphia, Reading, Elmira, Cortland & Northern and several other railroads, arrived in this city on Tuesday evening in his private car via the Lehigh Valley railroad and went north by special train on the Elmira, Cortland & Northern yesterday morning, en route for Watertown, where he has arranged to meet and confer with prominent citizens in relation to extending the E. C. & N. road from Camden to Ogdensburg via Watertown and Clayton.
   If the Watertown people take hold of the matter and give proper encouragement, and everything indicates that they will, the road will certainly be built. The Philadelphia & Reading and the Erie railroads are also jointly interested in the line to be built from Williamsport to a point on the Tioga railroad, which will give the Philadelphia & Reading an independent line into Elmira. Surveys have been completed and construction is expected to be commenced at an early date. This line with the northern outlet from Camden to Ogdensburg will give the Philadelphia & Reading an independent line from Philadelphia to the St. Lawrence river—and as the Central Vermont and the Camden Pacific railroads are largely interested in this project and will give it all possible assistance, the Philadelphia & Reading will be able to place thousands of tons of its coal in northern New York, Vermont and Canada, at all points reached by its own line as well as those of the Ogdensburg & Lake Champlain railroad, Central Vermont railroad and Canadian Pacific railway. It will also enable the Philadelphia & Reading to open up a through and quick line for passenger business from Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington and points south to the Thousand Islands and the popular summer resorts in Canada and northern Vermont. Mr. Corbin is thoroughly in earnest in the matter, and the prospects are very favorable that Elmira will have this trunk line in the near future.
   WATERTOWN, N. Y., May 28.—At a large meeting of citizens here last evening, $1,400 was subscribed in a few minutes for the purpose of paying one-half the expense of a survey of a railroad from Camden, Oneida county, to Watertown, Austin Corbin, of the Reading and the Elmira, Cortland and Northern (the latter road's northern terminus being at Camden) agreeing to pay the other half. The survey will be made during June and is covering several possible routes through the wilderness which lies between the city and Camden, a distance of about forty miles by an air line.

Thursday, July 2, 2015


Blakeley Canon.

The Cortland Democrat, Friday, May 30, 1890.

Exciting Scenes in Perryville Tuesday—The Shell too Weakly Constructed—
History of the Gun.
   In response to the widely advertised event to be witnessed at Perryville, Madison county on the 27th inst., hundreds of people from large cities and neighboring villages assembled to see Dr. J. G. Justin demonstrate the projectile principal with his big dynamite gun. Fortunately the unlooked for tragical part of the program resulted in only a piece of metal striking one person on the leg and slightly cutting the neck of another. Briefly stated, the cartridge was fired from a 12-ton Blakely rifle, of English make. Six shells had been made for this trial, differing slightly in construction, the walls of the steel shell and the inner brass cylinder being one six-teenth of an inch thinner than before. The service charge of powder was used, being 30 pounds of hexagonal grained powder. The shell was about 45 inches long and nine inches in diameter.
   At 8 P. M., the gun was loaded with one of the shells, containing 16 1/2 pounds of highest power dynamite, with a bag of 30 pounds of gunpowder back of it. The shell, including bullet and dynamite, weighed 290 pounds. The regular service weight for this gun is only 250 pounds. Dr. Justin applied the fuse, the crowd being scattered to a safe distance except the newspaper men who took refuge behind large trees. There was a flash and roar, succeeded by a sharp crackling sound, as if of heavy thunder and lightning, and then the air was filled with huge pieces of iron, some of them weighing a ton or two.
   The muzzle of the gun was thrown a hundred feet forward. A piece of the jacketing weighing about three tons was thrown five hundred feet to the rear, almost to the dynamite store-house. A piece of the barrel about three feet long and a foot wide, to which was attached the right trunnion, landed in the brook a few feet away. Pieces of the huge jackets were scattered all over, and also pieces of the steel shell which enclosed the dynamite cartridge. These pieces were forced into ridges where the explosion had flattened them into the rifling of the cannon and several were "buckled" or wrinkled by the pressure of the powder behind.
   The shell had evidently burst at the rear end, not where the dynamite was, and no indications of dynamite or of the brass inner shell were found near the gun. On the contrary a piece of the brass shell and a piece of leather with dynamite still on it were nicked up near the target and a section of the steel bullet, still hot, was brought down from the neighboring village where it had buried itself. It is therefore believed that the inner shell containing the dynamite and the steel bullet were thrown from the gun and exploded at the target, the explosion throwing the bullet up over into the village about a mile away.
   A number of the spectators say that they saw the shell, meaning the brass one, strike and explode at a target. If so, the experiment was a success in spite of the explosion of the gun, and the latter was caused by imperfections in the gun and the explosion of the powder alone. The gun when fired at the last trial was weakened by the heavy load, and the extra charge of thirty-five pounds of powder.
   It is believed that if the cannon had been a new one, and not an old war gun it would not have burst. The explosion of the steel shell is accounted for on the ground that the shell was one-sixteenth of an inch thinner than the old ones, six of which were fired successfully, and that the explosion of the powder destroyed the steel shell, flaring it into the rifling, thus wedging the shell and causing the explosion. Others believe that the dynamite did explode in the gun, blowing it to pieces.
   Among those who were present and witnessed the trial were Lieut. Jewell, U. S. N.; Lieut. Commander Maynard, U. S. N.; Hon. Young Wing, late Commissioner of Education for China, and Ex-Minister at Washington; Lieut. Davidson, U. S. A., Fort Ontario; Congressman Delano, O. G. Staples, Washington, D. C.; Major Abner Auer's battery, Syracuse; Capt. M. Cavana, Oneida battery; Assemblyman S. R. Mott; P. S. Brayton of the Vanderbilt passenger agency; representatives of various  New York, Utica and Syracuse papers and others.
   This gun was one of the two famous guns used in the defense of Charlestown, it having been captured by the Union army during the bombardment of that city, and was probably the largest field piece ever seen in the interior of this State, standing nearly 8 feet high when mounted. A resident of Canastota recognized the gun and said the original carriage was rosewood. The bore of the gun was 12 feet long. "Blakely’s Patent, No. 84, Fawcett. Preston & Co., makers, 1865"  was inscribed on it.

A Sleep-Walking Elephant.
   The Forepaugh circus exhibited at Johnstown, Pa., Saturday. At night the big tents, wagons and the other equipments were placed on the special circus train, and shortly after midnight pulled out for Bellefonte, where it was to show to-day. By some means the door of one of the elephant cars was broken and allowed to swing open. The accident would not have amounted to much had it not been for the fact that one of the huge pets of the menagerie, whose docile disposition makes him an especial favorite with the small boy, was troubled with an attack of nightmare. When the train was near South Fork the dreaming monster, in moving about, fell through the broken door. The train was not moving very fast at the time, and the big traveller escaped with slight injury. His exit was not noticed by the circus people.
   The elephant evidently realized that it would only be a question of time until some one came in search of him and he began to promenade up and down the railroad track. The oyster express from the East came along and the engineer saw the elephant in time to stop the train. The whistle was blown for nearly ten minutes before the monster got off the track. Several other trains had a similar experience. Word was telegraphed to the circus people, and the elephant car was sent back to South Fork, where it is expected the animal will be corralled without trouble.

DEXTER HOUSE on Main Street, next to Sager & Jennings Drug Store (building at corner of Main and Clinton).
The Dexter House.
   Since assuming control of this house, our former townsman Mr. C. H. Warren has given the matter of renovation careful personal attention throughout the entire building, and the completion of the laborious task places the well known Dexter House in the front rank of well managed hotels. Pleasantly and centrally located with light and well ventilated sleeping apartments, newly painted woodwork, late designs of wall decorations, electric and gas lighted halls and rooms, the increasing patronage attest that the labor has not been in vain. A stairway has been built in the rear part of the hotel for the convenience of the help, an additional door communicates from the dining room to the kitchen greatly increasing expediency.  
  Bright figured carpets and mattings are spread in rooms and halls, and each guests room is provided with a means of escape in case of fire. Mrs. Warren gives her individual attention to the culinary and other departments, thus insuring visitors the best of table fare and other comforts. Day clerk B. F. Samson is awake to the occasion and courteously replies to all demands. The sample room is conducted by Mr. Charles Hudson.
   The hotel is now ready for business and a free conveyance from depots has been provided for the convenience of guests.

                                 Deacon William S. Hatfield.
   In the death of William Smith Hatfield at his home west of this village, May 23, 1890, another of the pioneers of this town has been removed. For seventy-two years a resident, he held various official positions in this town enjoying the full confidence of the community, as an honest man. Uniting with the Baptist church about forty years ago he was subsequently elected to the position of deacon, being a senior deacon at his death, and taught a large bible class for many years. He was twice married. Miss Parthena Jones, daughter of Amos Jones, was his first wife, and a family of five children were laid to rest many years since.
   Some years after the death of his first wife, he united in marriage with Miss Elvira, only daughter of the late Deacon Albert Benedict who survives him. Though enfeebled by disease he longed to visit the sanctuary and the occasion of the last meeting of the Baptist Association he brought his wife and friends assisted him into the church, he remarking at the close, "It has been a happy day to me."

Wednesday, July 1, 2015


The Cortland Democrat, Friday. May 30, 1890.

The Handsome Edifice Dedicated With Appropriate and Interesting Exercises.
   The First Presbyterian Church Society of Cortland was organized in 1825 and subsequently upon the present site a church was erected, which was believed to be sufficiently commodious for succeeding generations. The rapid growth of our village and consequent increase of communicants and attendance necessitated the replacing the structure of nearly three score and ten years existence, by a substantial edifice that would meet the desired requirements.
   On the 9th of April, 1888, a meeting was called to take action in the matter. Naturally there was some reluctance in leaving the old building with its hallowed associations and it was not until February 11th of the following year that the report of a committee and plans for the new building were adopted—the estimated cost to be $40,000. February 25th the committee reported enough funds subscribed to warrant the enterprise. Sunday June 2, 1889, the last services and administration of the sacrament were conducted in the old church. With the opening day of the beautiful month of roses, June, '90, the first regular services will be held in the present church, together with the observance of the Lord's supper; truly a connecting link of the past and present.
   Long before the opening hour of the dedication people were filling the pews and at 2:30 P. M., Wednesday, May 28, the seating capacity was fully tested. The afternoon programme was as follows:
   Organ Voluntary and Doxology.
   Music, Choir.
   "Praise Ye the Father."—Gounod.
   Scripture Lesson.


   Lord God of Hosts, by all adored!
   Thy name we praise with one accord;
   The earth and heavens are full of thee,
   Thy light, thy love, thy majesty.
   Loud hallelujahs to thy name
   Angels and seraphim proclaim:
   Eternal praise to thee is given
   By all the powers and thrones in heaven.
   The holy church in every place
   Throughout the world exalts thy praise:
   Both heaven and earth do worship thee,
   Thou father of eternity!
   From day to day, O Lord, do we
   Highly exalt and honor thee;
   Thy name we worship and adore.
   World without end, forevermore.

   Prayer, Rev. J. L. Robertson, D. D.
   Music, Choir.
   "Hear, Oh Father."— Ludden.
   Sermon by Rev. C. P. Nichols, D. D.
   Statement of the Building Committee.
   Music, Choir.
   "Christian, the Morn Breaks Sweetly O'er Thee,"— Shelley.

                            Prayer of Dedication by the Pastor.

   O thou, whose own vast temple stands,
   Built over earth and sea,
   Accept the walls that human hands
   Have raised to worship thee.
   Lord, from thine inmost glory send,
   Within these courts to hide,
   The peace that dwelleth without end,
   Serenely by thy side!
   May erring minds that worship here
   Be taught the better way;
   And they who mourn, and they who fear,
   Be strengthened as they pray.
   May faith grow firm, and love grow warm
   And pure devotion rise.
   While round these hallowed walls the storm
   Of earth-born, passion dies.


   The pastor, Rev. J. Lovejoy Robertson, made a statement from the building committee relative to the condition of the funds of that body. The original cost was placed at $40,000, it was afterward deemed proper that a gallery be built, thus increasing the seating capacity; a pastor's study and other actual requirements of the church incurred an additional outlay of $4,640, making the total cost $44,640. A week ago there was $31,477 paid in and a resolution adopted that the indebtedness be "not cut down, but cut out," meeting with the liberal response of $8,461, making the total amount of debt upon the entire church at time of dedication $4,702 which was decreased $237.10 at the afternoon offering, $176.17 additional was contributed in the evening, besides pledges of donations are constantly arriving, from various sources decidedly encouraging to the speedy obliteration of the debt without the customary begging system.
   The pastor feelingly alluded to the magnificent and timely memorial gifts of the clear-toned bell from Mr. Wm. Blair, of Chicago; the desk bible from Miss Budlong and Mrs. Whitney of Adrian, Mich., the windows, and the magnificent sum of $500 from the Young Peoples' Mission Band together with sale of some property from old church foots $3,450 added to cost, $44,640, gives net value of church at $48,090.
   Organ Voluntary.
   "The God of Abraham Praise."Buck.
   Scripture Lesson.


   Come thou almighty King,
   Help us thy name to sing.
   Help us to praise.
   Father! all-glorious,
   Over all victorious.
   Come, and reign over us,
   Ancient of Days!
   Come, thou incarnate Word,
   Gird on thy mighty sword:
   Our prayer attend;
   Come, and thy people bless.
   And give thy word success:
   Spirit of holiness!
   on us descend.
   Come, holy Comforter!
   Thy sacred witness bear.
   In this glad hour:
   Thou who almighty art,
   Now rule in every heart,
   And ne'er from us depart,
   Spirit of power!

   Prayer, Rev. G. P. Avery.
Soprano Solo.—Selected.
   Addresses by Rev. Messrs. Hutton, Lucas. Benton, and Hinman.


   How firm a foundation, ye saints of the Lord!
   Is laid for your faith in his excellent word!
   What more can he say, than to you he hath said.
   To you, who for refuge to Jesus have fled?
   "Fear not, I am with thee, oh, be not dismayed,
   For I am they God, I will still give thee aid:
   I'll strengthen thee, help thee, and cause thee to stand,
   Upheld by my gracious omnipotent hand.
   "The soul that on Jesus hath leaned for repose,
   I will not—I will not, desert to his foes;
   That soul—though all hell should endeavor to shake,
   I’ll never—no never—no never forsake!"
   Addresses by Rev. Messrs. McVey, Taylor, Clarke, and Remick.
Cantate Domino.—Danks.
      The pastor’s study at the rear of the auditorium communicates with the rear of the platform through a well lighted hallway and directly into the church parlors, the furniture being of the XVI century design.
   A noticeable feature of the parlors is the arrangement of drapery for dividing allotted space to Sunday school classes, both below and in the gallery, which can instantly be drawn aside, in no way inconveniencing passage or obstructing the view.
   Located in the basement is a spacious ladies cloak room, also s convenient kitchen, supplied with all improved adjuncts appertaining to the culinary department and supplied with city water. A skillfully constructed dumb waiter will convey the viands to the parlors above, as occasion may demand. Yet ordinarily viewed from the parlor floor the silent carrier's existence is unobserved.
   The bellows of the organ is operated by water power and any embarrassment that the sleeping or absent boy might occasion is averted.
   Universal satisfaction is expressed on the appearance and full mellow tone of the thoroughly refitted organ. The following well known vocalists have been engaged as the regular choir: Miss Annie Baum, soprano; Miss Minnie Alger, alto; Mr. F. Daehler, tenor; Mr. H. C. Beebe, bass; and Mrs. George H. Smith, organist. Throughout the entire interior of the church the efforts of the committee to obtain a full view of the desk, from all angles, is crowned with success The seating capacity of the auditorium is 1100. The renting of pews will take place on Saturday afternoon at 1 o'clock.